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Country Canada

Brutalism 1968
Lethbridge University
Brutalism 1964
City Hall and Magistrate Court
World Heritage Site 1978
L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site

At the tip of the Great Northern Peninsula of the island of Newfoundland, the remains of an 11th-century Viking settlement are evidence of the first European presence in North America. The excavated remains of wood-framed peat-turf buildings are similar…

Brutalism
YWCA
Brutalism
Medical Sciences Building, University of Toronto
Brutalism
Weldon Library, University of Western Ontario
Brutalism
Fine Arts Building, University of Alberta
Brutalism
McPherson Playhouse
World Heritage Site 1995
Old Town Lunenburg

Lunenburg is the best surviving example of a planned British colonial settlement in North America. Established in 1753, it has retained its original layout and overall appearance, based on a rectangular grid pattern drawn up in the home country. The inh…

Brutalism 1963
Place Bonaventure
Brutalism
Life Sciences Building, McMaster University
Brutalism
St. Luke the Evangelist Roman Catholic Church
Brutalism
Princess Towers
Brutalism
Cunningham Building, University of Victoria
Brutalism
Habing Laviolette Law Offices
World Heritage Site 1999
Miguasha National Park

The palaeontological site of Miguasha National Park, in south-eastern Quebec on the southern coast of the Gaspé peninsula, is considered to be the world’s most outstanding illustration of the Devonian Period known as the ‘Age of Fishes’. Dating from 37…

World Heritage Site 2008
Joggins Fossil Cliffs

The Joggins Fossil Cliffs, a 689 ha palaeontological site along the coast of Nova Scotia (eastern Canada), have been described as the “coal age Galápagos” due to their wealth of fossils from the Carboniferous period (354 to 290 millio…

Brutalism 1978
Evergreen Building
Brutalism
Dr John Archer Library, University of Regina
Brutalism
Habitat 67
World Heritage Site 2016
Mistaken Point

This fossil site is located at the south-eastern tip of the island of Newfoundland, in eastern Canada. It consists of a narrow, 17 km-long strip of rugged coastal cliffs. Of deep marine origin, these cliffs date to the Ediacaran Period (580-560 million …

Brutalism
St. John Cantius Church
Brutalism
South Residence, University of Guelph
Brutalism
Stephen Leacock Collegiate Institute
Brutalism
Hamilton Central Library
World Heritage Site 1978
Nahanni National Park

Located along the South Nahanni River, one of the most spectacular wild rivers in North America, this park contains deep canyons and huge waterfalls, as well as a unique limestone cave system. The park is also home to animals of the boreal forest, such …

Brutalism
Franklin House Apartments (today: Exud)
World Heritage Site 1984
Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks

The contiguous national parks of Banff, Jasper, Kootenay and Yoho, as well as the Mount Robson, Mount Assiniboine and Hamber provincial parks, studded with mountain peaks, glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, canyons and limestone caves, form a striking mountai…

Brutalism
DEMOLISHED
Sir John Carling Building
Brutalism 1969
Law Centre, University of Alberta
Brutalism
Public Safety Building
Brutalism
Glenbow Museum
World Heritage Site 1985
Historic District of Old Québec

Québec was founded by the French explorer Champlain in the early 17th century. It is the only North American city to have preserved its ramparts, together with the numerous bastions, gates and defensive works which still surround Old Québec. The Upper…

Brutalism 1972
Law Courts Building
Brutalism
School of Architecture (today: Azrieli School of Architecture and Urbanism), Carleton University
World Heritage Site 1981
SGang Gwaay

The village of Ninstints (Nans Dins) is located on a small island off the west coast of the Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii). Remains of houses, together with carved mortuary and memorial poles, illustrate the Haida people’s art and way of life. Th…

Brutalism 1969
Ottawa Public Library
World Heritage Site 1979
Dinosaur Provincial Park

In addition to its particularly beautiful scenery, Dinosaur Provincial Park – located at the heart of the province of Alberta’s badlands – contains some of the most important fossil discoveries ever made from the ‘Age of Reptiles’, in particular abo…

Brutalism
Mathematics and Computer Building, University of Waterloo
Brutalism
Lansdowne Residences, University of Victoria
Brutalism
Health Sciences Centre, McMaster University
Brutalism
Ryerson University Library
Brutalism 1971
Museum of Anthropology, University of British Columbia
Brutalism
Ellis Place
Brutalism 1969
Royal Manitoba Theatre Centre
Brutalism
Dalhousie Arts Centre
Brutalism
DEMOLISHED
Japanese Pavilion, Expo 67
Brutalism
New Calgary Fire Station No. 1
Brutalism 1963
Andrews Building, Scarborough College (today University of Toronto)
Brutalism 1964
Centennial Planetarium
Brutalism 1979
Place du Portage I, II, III, and IV
World Heritage Site 1983
Wood Buffalo National Park

Situated on the plains in the north-central region of Canada, the park (which covers 44,807 km2) is home to North America’s largest population of wild bison. It is also the natural nesting place of the whooping crane. Another of the park’s attractions i…

World Heritage Site 1995
Waterton Glacier International Peace Park

In 1932 Waterton Lakes National Park (Alberta, Canada) was combined with the Glacier National Park (Montana, United States) to form the world’s first International Peace Park. Situated on the border between the two countries and offering outstanding sce…

Brutalism 1965
Humanities Centre, University of Alberta
Brutalism
City Hall
Brutalism
Mayland Heights Elementary School
Brutalism
Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre (Noor Cultural Centre)
Brutalism 1963
Dana Porter Arts Library, University of Waterloo
Brutalism
Frank Stanzl Building
Brutalism
Coronel Memorial Library, Royal Roads University
Brutalism
Killam Library, Dalhousie University
Brutalism 1968
Robarts Research Library
World Heritage Site 1979
Kluane / Wrangell-St. Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek

These parks comprise an impressive complex of glaciers and high peaks on both sides of the border between Canada (Yukon Territory and British Columbia) and the United States (Alaska). The spectacular natural landscapes are home to many grizzly bears, ca…

World Heritage Site 1981
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump

In south-west Alberta, the remains of marked trails and an aboriginal camp, and a tumulus where vast quantities of buffalo (American Bison) skeletons can still be found, are evidence of a custom practised by aboriginal peoples of the North American plai…

Brutalism
MacLaurin Building, Univeristy of Victoria
World Heritage Site 1987
Gros Morne National Park

Situated on the west coast of the island of Newfoundland, the park provides a rare example of the process of continental drift, where deep ocean crust and the rocks of the earth’s mantle lie exposed. More recent glacial action has resulted in some spect…

Brutalism 1964
Trent University Campus
World Heritage Site 2018
Pimachiowin Aki

Pimachiowin Aki (‘The Land That Gives Life’) is a landscape of rivers, lakes, wetlands, and boreal forest. It forms part of the ancestral home of the Anishinaabeg, an indigenous people living from fishing, hunting and gathering. The site encompasses the…

Brutalism 1963
Grand Théâtre de Québec
Brutalism
Library Addition, University of Saskatchewan
Brutalism
Manitoba Teachers’ Society
Brutalism
National Arts Centre
Brutalism
Okanagan Heritage Museum
World Heritage Site 2007
Rideau Canal

The Rideau Canal, a monumental early 19th-century construction covering 202 km of the Rideau and Cataraqui rivers from Ottawa south to Kingston Harbour on Lake Ontario, was built primarily for strategic military purposes at a time when Great Britain and…

Brutalism
Catholic School Centre (later: Workers Compensation Board Alberta)
Brutalism 1971
Montreal Metro
World Heritage Site 2012
Landscape of Grand Pré

Situated in the southern Minas Basin of Nova Scotia, the Grand Pré marshland and archaeological sites constitute a cultural landscape bearing testimony to the development of agricultural farmland using dykes and the aboiteau wooden sluice system,…

Brutalism
Scott Library, York University
Brutalism 1967
Education Centre Building
Brutalism
Seymour Medical Building
Brutalism
Madge Hogarth House, University of British Columbia
Brutalism
Simon Fraser University
Brutalism
Blessed Sacrament Church
Brutalism
AGT Elbow Park South Exchange
Brutalism
Arthur Schmon Tower, Brock University
World Heritage Site 2013
Red Bay Basque Whaling Station

Red Bay, established by Basque mariners in the 16th century at the north-eastern tip of Canada on the shore of the Strait of Belle Isle is an archaeological site that provides the earliest, most complete and best preserved testimony of the European whal…

World Heritage Site 2019
Writing-on-Stone / Áísínai’pi

This site is located on the northern edge of the semi-arid Great Plains of North America, on the border between Canada and the United States of America. The Milk River Valley dominates the topography of this cultural landscape, which is characterized by…