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Country Brazil

World Heritage Site 2021
Sítio Roberto Burle Marx

Situated west of Rio de Janeiro, the site embodies a successful project developed over more than 40 years by landscape architect and artist Roberto Burle Marx (1909-1994) to create a “living work of art” and a “landscape laboratory” using native…

World Heritage Site 1987
Brasilia

Brasilia, a capital created ex nihilo in the centre of the country in 1956, was a landmark in the history of town planning. Urban planner Lucio Costa and architect Oscar Niemeyer intended that every element – from the layout of the residential and adm…

World Heritage Site 1983
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil)

The ruins of São Miguel das Missões in Brazil, and those of San Ignacio Miní, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa María la Mayor in Argentina, lie at the heart of a tropical forest. They are the impressive re…

Brutalism
Jaú Bus Terminal (Estação Rodoviária de Jaú)
Brutalism
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN)
Brutalism
Portugese Embassy
Brutalism
Santos Technical High School (later: Escola estadual Acácio de Paula Leite)
Brutalism
Centro de Exposições do Centro Administrativo da Bahia
Brutalism
FIESP Headquarters
Brutalism
Residência José da Silva Neto
World Heritage Site 2001
Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves

Peaks of the Southern Atlantic submarine ridge form the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago and Rocas Atoll off the coast of Brazil. They represent a large proportion of the island surface of the South Atlantic and their rich waters are extremely important …

World Heritage Site 1999
Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves

The Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves, in the states of Paraná and São Paulo, contain some of the best and most extensive examples of Atlantic forest in Brazil. The 25 protected areas that make up the site (some 470,000 ha in total) disp…

World Heritage Site 1999
Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves

The Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves, in the states of Bahia and Espírito Santo, consist of eight separate protected areas containing 112,000 ha of Atlantic forest and associated shrub (restingas). The rainforests of Brazil’s Atlant…

Brutalism 1987
Museu Brasileiro de Escultura (MuBE)
Brutalism
DNER (Departamento Nacional de Estradas de Rodagem) (today DNIT [Departamento Nacional de Infraestrutura de Transportes])
Brutalism 1953
Museum of Modern Art
Brutalism 1961
Santapaula Yacht Club Nautical Pavilion (Garagem de Barcos do Clube Santapaula)
World Heritage Site 1986
Iguaçu National Park

The park shares with Iguazú National Park in Argentina one of the world’s largest and most impressive waterfalls, extending over some 2,700 m. It is home to many rare and endangered species of flora and fauna, among them the giant otter and the giant…

World Heritage Site 2016
Pampulha Modern Ensemble

The Pampulha Modern Ensemble was the centre of a visionary garden city project created in 1940 at Belo Horizonte, the capital of Minas Gerais State. Designed around an artificial lake, this cultural and leisure centre included a casino, a ballroom, the …

Brutalism
Hospital Sarah Kubitschek
World Heritage Site 2017
Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site

Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site is located in central Rio de Janeiro and encompasses the entirety of Jornal do Comércio Square. It is in the former harbour area of Rio de Janeiro in which the old stone wharf was built for the landing of enslaved Afri…

World Heritage Site 2010
São Francisco Square in the Town of São Cristóvão

São Francisco Square, in the town of São Cristovão, is a quadrilateral open space surrounded by substantial early buildings such as São Francisco Church and convent, the Church and Santa Casa da Misericórdia, the Provi…

Brutalism 1978
Palácio dos Tropeiros (City Hall)
World Heritage Site 2001
Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks

The two sites included in the designation contain flora and fauna and key habitats that characterize the Cerrado – one of the world’s oldest and most diverse tropical ecosystems. For millennia, these sites have served as refuge for several species d…

World Heritage Site 1991
Serra da Capivara National Park

Many of the numerous rock shelters in the Serra da Capivara National Park are decorated with cave paintings, some more than 25,000 years old. They are an outstanding testimony to one of the oldest human communities of South America.

Brutalism
Butantã Houses / Casa Paulo Mendes Da Rocha
Brutalism
Student Central Library, Universidade de Brasília
Brutalism 1961
Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da Universidade de São Paulo (FAU USP)
Brutalism
Eduardo Álvaro Vieira Residence
World Heritage Site 2012
Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea

The site consists of an exceptional urban setting encompassing the key natural elements that have shaped and inspired the development of the city: from the highest points of the Tijuca National Park’s mountains down to the sea. They also include t…

World Heritage Site 2000
Central Amazon Conservation Complex

The Central Amazon Conservation Complex makes up the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin (over 6 million hectares) and is one of the planet’s richest regions in terms of biodiversity. It also includes an important sample of varzea ecosystem…

World Heritage Site 2000
Pantanal Conservation Area

The Pantanal Conservation Area consists of a cluster of four protected areas with a total area of 187,818 ha. Located in western central Brazil at the south-west corner of the State of Mato Grosso, the site represents 1.3% of Brazil’s Pantanal region, o…

Brutalism
Rectory, Universidade de Brazília
Brutalism
Casa Waldo Perseu
Brutalism 1957
Sa?o Paulo Museum of Art
World Heritage Site 1985
Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia

As the first capital of Brazil, from 1549 to 1763, Salvador de Bahia witnessed the blending of European, African and Amerindian cultures. It was also, from 1558, the first slave market in the New World, with slaves arriving to work on the sugar plantati…

Brutalism
Jardim Ipê School (today Escola Estadual Professor Euclydes Deslandes)
World Heritage Site 1985
Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas

This sanctuary in Minais Gerais, south of Belo Horizonte was built in the second half of the 18th century. It consists of a church with a magnificent Rococo interior of Italian inspiration; an outdoor stairway decorated with statues of the prophets; and…

World Heritage Site 1997
Historic Centre of São Luís

The late 17th-century core of this historic town, founded by the French and occupied by the Dutch before coming under Portuguese rule, has preserved the original rectangular street plan in its entirety. Thanks to a period of economic stagnation in the e…

Brutalism
Anhembi Tênis Clube
Brutalism
Church and parish center São Bonifácio (Igreja São Bonifácio)
World Heritage Site 2019
Paraty and Ilha Grande – Culture and Biodiversity

Located between the Serra da Bocaina mountain range and the Atlantic Ocean, this cultural landscape includes the historic centre of Paraty, one of Brazil’s best-preserved coastal towns, as well as four protected natural areas of the Brazilian Atlantic F…

World Heritage Site 2001
Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás

Goiás testifies to the occupation and colonization of the lands of central Brazil in the 18th and 19th centuries. The urban layout is an example of the organic development of a mining town, adapted to the conditions of the site. Although modest, both p…

Brutalism
Sede Social do Jóquei Clube de Goiás
World Heritage Site 1999
Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina

Diamantina, a colonial village set like a jewel in a necklace of inhospitable rocky mountains, recalls the exploits of diamond prospectors in the 18th century and testifies to the triumph of human cultural and artistic endeavour over the environment….

World Heritage Site 1982
Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda

Founded in the 16th century by the Portuguese, the town’s history is linked to the sugar-cane industry. Rebuilt after being looted by the Dutch, its basic urban fabric dates from the 18th century. The harmonious balance between the buildings, gard…

Brutalism
Tribunal de Contas
World Heritage Site 1980
Historic Town of Ouro Preto

Founded at the end of the 17th century, Ouro Preto (Black Gold) was the focal point of the gold rush and Brazil’s golden age in the 18th century. With the exhaustion of the gold mines in the 19th century, the city’s influence declined but ma…