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Old City of Salamanca

This ancient university town north-west of Madrid was first conquered by the Carthaginians in the 3rd century B.C. It then became a Roman settlement before being ruled by the Moors until the 11th century. The university, one of the oldest in Europe, reached its high point during Salamanca’s golden age. The city’s historic centre has important Romanesque, Gothic, Moorish, Renaissance and Baroque monuments. The Plaza Mayor, with its galleries and arcades, is particularly impressive.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

iTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius. All
iiTo exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design. All
ivTo be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history. All



World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
Villanueva de la Vera y sus Fuentes 1 en es 94.5km site_izi
VIANDAR DE LA VERA en es 94.2km site_izi
Villanueva de la Vera y sus Fuentes 2 en es 94.3km site_izi
Sirenas de Segovia 2020129.6km site_ao
Los Pilones 202085.3km site_ao
Dolmen of Guadalperal 2020128km site_ao
Silla de Felipe II (Phillip II’s Chair) 2020134.7km site_ao
Cementerio del Cristo (Cemetery of Christ) 2019151.9km site_ao
Castle of Numão 2019137.3km site_ao
Horse of Mazouco 2019122.1km site_ao
Trampantojo Art of Romangordo 2019136.1km site_ao
Masonic Lodge Museum 20190.7km site_ao
Cave of Salamanca 20190.6km site_ao
The Selfie Devil 2019129.9km site_ao
Civil War Bunkers of Alto del León 2019131.3km site_ao
Hermitage of Santo Cristo 2019148.2km site_ao
Peñalara National Park 2019144km site_ao
This Rocky Necropolis Overlooks the ‘Most Portuguese Town in Portugal’ 2019160.2km site_ao
Dólmen da Capela Senhora do Monte ( Lady of the Mount Chapel Dolmen) 2011145.1km site_ao
The Portuguese Village Built Around Giant Boulders 2011160.1km site_ao
Royal Library of San Lorenzo de El Escorial 2019134.4km site_ao
Medieval Walls of Ávila 201988.3km site_ao
Spain’s First ‘Book Town’ 201893.2km site_ao
Manzanares el Real Castle 2018153.9km site_ao
The Ibex of La Pedriza 2018152.4km site_ao
Allegory of ‘The Tree of Life’ 2018129.3km site_ao
Hermitage of Saint Fructus 2018154.8km site_ao
Portraits of Mogarraz 201862km site_ao
Star-Shaped Walls of Almeida 2017107.8km site_ao
Old Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches 198588.1km site_whs
Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid 1984136.4km site_whs
Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct 1985130km site_whs
Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde 199889km site_whs

About the source: UNESCO

Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.