Inhabited over a period of 1,500 years by a succession of peoples – Olmecs, Zapotecs and Mixtecs – the terraces, dams, canals, pyramids and artificial mounds of Monte Albán were literally carved out of the mountain and are the symbols of a sacred topography. The nearby city of Oaxaca, which is built on a grid pattern, is a good example of Spanish colonial town planning. The solidity and volume of the city’s buildings show that they were adapted to the earthquake-prone region in which these architectural gems were constructed.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|i||To represent a masterpiece of human creative genius.||All|
|ii||To exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design.||All|
|iii||To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.||All|
|iv||To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.||All|
|Casilda Aguas Regionales||2020||0.6km||site_ao|
|Post Mortem Chapel||2019||1km||site_ao|
|Rufino Tamayo Museum of Pre-Hispanic Art||2019||0.6km||site_ao|
|Panteón General (General Cemetery)||2019||1km||site_ao|
|Museo de Filatelia de Oaxaca||2019||0.5km||site_ao|
|The Ethnobotanical Garden of Oaxaca||2018||0.4km||site_ao|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.