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Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco

Built in the 16th century by the Spanish on the ruins of Tenochtitlan, the old Aztec capital, Mexico City is now one of the world’s largest and most densely populated cities. It has five Aztec temples, the ruins of which have been identified, a cathedral (the largest on the continent) and some fine 19th- and 20th-century public buildings such as the Palacio de las Bellas Artes. Xochimilco lies 28 km south of Mexico City. With its network of canals and artificial islands, it testifies to the efforts of the Aztec people to build a habitat in the midst of an unfavourable environment. Its characteristic urban and rural structures, built since the 16th century and during the colonial period; have been preserved in an exceptional manner.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

iiTo exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design. All
iiiTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared. All
ivTo be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history. All
vTo be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change. All


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World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
Museo del Calzado (Footwear Museum) 20201.8kmsite_ao
Tomb of Hernán Cortés 20201.2kmsite_ao
‘El Baile de los 41’ (‘Dance of the 41’) Memorial Plaque 20192.5kmsite_ao
Salón de Cabildos (City Hall) 20191.5kmsite_ao
Rooftop Terrace at Museo del Estanquillo 20191.7kmsite_ao
Plaza Santos Degollado 20192kmsite_ao
Ottoman Clock 20191.6kmsite_ao
‘El Vochol’ 20192.2kmsite_ao
Taquería Los Cocuyos 20191.5kmsite_ao
Helu’s Productos Árabes 20191.2kmsite_ao
The Courtyard of the Franz Mayer Museum 20192.4kmsite_ao
The Franz Mayer Museum’s Silver Collection 20192.4kmsite_ao
Casa de la Memoria Indómita (House of Indomitable Memory) 20191.1kmsite_ao
The Secrets of Mexico City’s Secretariat of Public Education Murals 20192.1kmsite_ao
Proyecto Público Prim (Public Project Prim) 20192.5kmsite_ao
José Luis Cuevas Museum 20191.8kmsite_ao
Zócalo Metro Models 20191.7kmsite_ao
Café La Habana 20192.5kmsite_ao
The Sweets Section at Mercado de la Merced 20191.4kmsite_ao
Monoliths of the Templo Mayor 20191.8kmsite_ao
This Historic Tile-Covered Building Now Houses a Chain Restaurant 20191.9kmsite_ao
Alexander Von Humboldt Monument 20182.3kmsite_ao
A Miniature Model of Mexico City 20181.3kmsite_ao
Gamers El Moro Video Game Museum 20181.7kmsite_ao
The Psychedelic Murals at a Mexico City Research Library 20181.4kmsite_ao
Palace of the Inquisition 20182.2kmsite_ao
Skull Rack of the Great Temple 20181.8kmsite_ao
Serpents of the Great Temple 20181.8kmsite_ao
CCEMx Site Museum 20181.9kmsite_ao
Pyramid of Ehécatl 20180.8kmsite_ao
Aztec Serpent Head Cornerstone 20181.2kmsite_ao
Mexico City’s Museum of Folk Art 20172.2kmsite_ao
Biblioteca de México 20182.2kmsite_ao
Mercado San Juan 20171.8kmsite_ao
This Abandoned Hotel Is a Forgotten Gem in Mexico city 20171.9kmsite_ao
The Cake Room at Pastelería Ideal 20181.4kmsite_ao

About the source: UNESCO

Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.

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