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World Heritage Site Historic Cairo

Tucked away amid the modern urban area of Cairo lies one of the world’s oldest Islamic cities, with its famous mosques, madrasas, hammams and fountains. Founded in the 10th century, it became the new centre of the Islamic world, reaching its golden age in the 14th century.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

iTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius. All
vTo be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change. All
viTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria). All
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Atlas Obscura 2018
Cairo’s Unique Andalusian Garden

A preserved oasis with traditional architecture and beautiful views of the Nile.

Post 2020
In Cairo, Artists Use Pixels, Cyborgs, and More to Examine Technology and Belief
Library of the Greek Campus, American University of Cairo
Atlas Obscura 2017
Nilometer: This Ancient Instrument Measured the Waters of the Nile

The nilometer was invented about 5,000 years so Egyptian farmers would know whether to expect famine or flood.

Atlas Obscura 2017
The World’s Oldest Pyramid

The ancient Pyramid of Djoser is often overshadowed by Egypt's most famous monuments.

Atlas Obscura 2020
Citadel of Saladin

Discover Citadel of Saladin in Cairo, Egypt: The medieval center of the Islamic world was also once the seat of Saladin's sultanate.

Atlas Obscura 2019
The Hanging Church

Discover The Hanging Church in Cairo, Egypt: Standing atop 2nd-century Roman ruins, this church is one of the oldest and most iconic in Old Cairo.

Atlas Obscura 2018
Baron Empain Palace

Discover Baron Empain Palace in El-Montaza, Egypt: Located near Cairo's El Korba district, the abandoned mansion continues to inspire mystery and rumor throughout the city.

World Heritage Site 1979
Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur

The capital of the Old Kingdom of Egypt has some extraordinary funerary monuments, including rock tombs, ornate mastabas, temples and pyramids. In ancient times, the site was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.