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Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

The property includes the mining sites of Almadén (Spain), where mercury (quicksilver) has been extracted since antiquity, and Idrija (Slovenia), where mercury was first found in AD1490. The Spanish property includes buildings relating to its mining history, including Retamar Castle, religious buildings and traditional dwellings. The site in Idrija notably features mercury stores and infrastructure, as well as miners’ living quarters, and a miners’ theatre. The sites bear testimony to the intercontinental trade in mercury which generated important exchanges between Europe and America over the centuries. Together they represent the two largest mercury mines in the world, operational until recent times.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

iiTo exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design. All
ivTo be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history. All



World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
Villanueva de la Vera y sus Fuentes 1 en es 159.9km site_izi
VIANDAR DE LA VERA en es 161.5km site_izi
Villanueva de la Vera y sus Fuentes 2 en es 160km site_izi
Benquerencia Audio Guide en es 122.9km site_izi
The Roman Baths of Toledo 2020139.3km site_ao
Santa María de Melque 2020115.7km site_ao
Cave of Maltravieso 2020152.4km site_ao
Dolmen of Guadalperal 2020127.1km site_ao
Trampantojo Art of Romangordo 2019130.6km site_ao
Museo del Queso 2019161.7km site_ao
The Tower of the Storks 2019153.2km site_ao
Miajadas Tomato 2019101.1km site_ao
Don Alvaro Alley 2019153.2km site_ao
Hermitage of Santo Cristo 2019162.8km site_ao
The ‘Astronaut’ of Casar 2019153.2km site_ao
Consuegra Windmills 2019130.1km site_ao
Moorish Cistern of Cáceres 2019153.2km site_ao
Roman Circus of Toledo 2017139.6km site_ao
Spanish Inquisition Torture Museum 2017139.1km site_ao
Car in Concrete 2017160.7km site_ao
Cross of the Captive 201899.8km site_ao
Ciudad Real Ghost Airport 201875.8km site_ao
A Micro-Communist Utopia in Spain 2017156.4km site_ao
Caliphate City of Medina Azahara 201898.9km site_whs
Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida 1993130.7km site_whs
Old Town of Cáceres 1986153.3km site_whs
Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza 2003153.5km site_whs
Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe 199386.3km site_whs
Historic City of Toledo 1986139.9km site_whs
Historic Centre of Cordoba 198499.8km site_whs

About the source: UNESCO

Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.