Situated in the Peruvian Andes, Cuzco developed, under the Inca ruler Pachacutec, into a complex urban centre with distinct religious and administrative functions. It was surrounded by clearly delineated areas for agricultural, artisan and industrial production. When the Spaniards conquered it in the 16th century, they preserved the basic structure but built Baroque churches and palaces over the ruins of the Inca city.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|iii||To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.||All|
|iv||To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.||All|
|Sacsaywaman Archeological Park en es pt||1.8km||site_izi|
|Plaza de Armas||2019||0.8km||site_ao|
|The Twelve-Angled Stone||2019||1.1km||site_ao|
|Peru’s Coca Museum||2017||1.2km||site_ao|
|The surprising works of art in Peru’s Cusco Cathedral||2019||1.7km||post|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.