The ruins of the capital built by the parricidal King Kassapa I (477–95) lie on the steep slopes and at the summit of a granite peak standing some 180m high (the ‘Lion’s Rock’, which dominates the jungle from all sides). A series of galleries and staircases emerging from the mouth of a gigantic lion constructed of bricks and plaster provide access to the site.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|ii||To exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design.||All|
|iii||To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.||All|
|iv||To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.||All|
|Dambulla Royal Cave Temple||2020||15.1km||site_ao|
|The Sacred Bodhi Tree||2018||58.6km||site_ao|
|Central Highlands of Sri Lanka||2010||55.6km||site_whs|
|Sacred City of Kandy||1988||74km||site_whs|
|Golden Temple of Dambulla||1991||15.2km||site_whs|
|Sacred City of Anuradhapura||1982||58.7km||site_whs|
|Ancient City of Polonnaruwa||1982||27.9km||site_whs|
|The Lion Fortress Of Sri Lanka Was Swallowed By The Jungle||2019||0.1km||post|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.