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World Heritage Site Ancient City of Damascus

Founded in the 3rd millennium B.C., Damascus is one of the oldest cities in the Middle East. In the Middle Ages, it was the centre of a flourishing craft industry, specializing in swords and lace. The city has some 125 monuments from different periods of its history – one of the most spectacular is the 8th-century Great Mosque of the Umayyads, built on the site of an Assyrian sanctuary.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

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iTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius. All
iiTo exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design. All
iiiTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared. All
ivTo be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history. All
viTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria). All
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World Heritage Site 1998
84.79km
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World Heritage Site 1980
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World Heritage Site 1984
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Brutalism
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World Heritage Site 1984
55.91km
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Atlas Obscura 2019
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Atlas Obscura 2021
77.8km
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Brutalism
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Atlas Obscura 2019
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Atlas Obscura 2018
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Atlas Obscura 2022
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Which are the oldest cities in the world?
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Brutalism
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Atlas Obscura 2018
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Brutalism 1962
78.81km
Ministry of Defense
Atlas Obscura 2018
91.06km
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