{"center":{"lat":"46.507267","lng":"13.454226"},"id":57973,"visited":false,"current_place":{"icon":"https:\/\/theplacesihavebeen.com\/wordpress\/wp-content\/themes\/tpihb\/markers\/marker.site_ao.2.off.png","name":"Fort Hensel"}}

Atlas Obscura Fort Hensel

During his reign, Napoleon was seen as invincible, but in 1808 the French Empire saw some defeats in Spain, and this encouraged the Austrian Empire to join the Anti-French Alliance. The war moved to the Alps and saw fighting at Fort Malborgeth commanded by Austrian Captain Friedrich Hensel. For three days, from May 14 to 17, 1809, the commander and his men heroically fought to their death. His actions delayed the French Army long enough to allow Austrian Archduke Charles to defeat Napoleon’s forces at the Battle of Aspern-Essling on May 21. Hensel’s last stand was widely respected and celebrated by the Austrian Empire. 

After the 1866 Austro-Prussian War, the Italian border moved closer to the Austrian heartland. This frontier change raised the importance of Fort Malborgeth, so it was modernized and renamed Fort Hensel after its heroic defender. The fort consisted of two large buildings at different elevations, and a network of walls around. 

Keep track of the places you have been, log in.
Atlas Obscura 2020
Pfarrkirche Malta (Maria Hilf Assumptio)

Discover Pfarrkirche Malta (Maria Hilf Assumptio) in Malta, Austria: This medieval church in a small Austrian village is home to a 700-year-old Mickey Mouse lookalike.

World Heritage Site 2011
Longobards in Italy. Places of the Power (568-774 A.D.)

The Longobards in Italy, Places of Power, 568 – 774 A.D. comprises seven groups of important buildings (including fortresses, churches, and monasteries) throughout the Italian Peninsula. They testify to the high achievement of the Lombards, who mig…

Brutalism 1957
Complesso Zipser Grado
Atlas Obscura 2019
Bora Trieste

Discover Bora Trieste in Trieste, Italy: The Adriatic's most famous wind can be reliably experienced in the city's Marina.

Atlas Obscura 2021
Idrija Mercury Mine

Discover Idrija Mercury Mine in Idrija, Slovenia: This was the second largest mercury mine in the world and one of the oldest preserved mine complexes in Europe.

Audio Guide
Audio Guide
Plants and animals
en it
Atlas Obscura 2019
The Mummies of Venzone

Discover The Mummies of Venzone in Venzone, Italy: Meet the oldest inhabitants of this Italian hamlet, a series of oddly preserved mummies.

Audio Guide
Audio Guide
Ca’ Corniani bike
de en it
Brutalism 1968
Town Hall (Municipio)
Audio Guide
Audio Guide
Giro Livenza
de en it
Atlas Obscura 2019
Lečtarski Museum

Discover Lečtarski Museum in Radovljica, Slovenia: Nibble as you learn about Slovenia's longstanding tradition of making beautiful honey cookies.

Atlas Obscura 2017
Hercules vs. the Dragon

Discover Lindwurmbrunnen in Klagenfurt, Austria: The medieval "dragon" on an Austrian city's coat-of-arms comes to life in a fountain.

Santuario di Monte Grisa
Atlas Obscura 2020
Faro della Vittoria (Victory Lighthouse)

Discover Faro della Vittoria (Victory Lighthouse) in Trieste, Italy: One of the tallest lighthouses in the world also serves as a monument to the fallen of World War I.

Creina Hotel
Atlas Obscura 2019
Alpine Ski Museum

Discover Alpine Ski Museum in Begunje na Gorenjskem, Slovenia: This cutting edge museum details the history of skiing, from its ancient origins to its status as a sport.

Atlas Obscura 2021
Čebelarski muzej Radovljica (Museum of Apiculture)

Discover Čebelarski muzej Radovljica (Museum of Apiculture) in Slovenia: This Slovenian museum houses the country's largest collection of painted beehive panels.

Atlas Obscura 2019
Palmanova Star Fort

Discover Palmanova Star Fort in Palmanova, Italy: A star-shaped fortress town fort built in the geometric model of the Renaissance utopian city.

Atlas Obscura 2021
Castello di Duino

Discover Castello di Duino in Duino, Italy: This beautiful 14th-century castle perched on a promontory overlooks the Bay of Trieste.

Atlas Obscura 2019
Fort Hermann

Discover Fort Hermann in Bovec, Slovenia: A crumbling World War I fort that is reached through a series of concrete tunnels.

Atlas Obscura 2021
Arco di Riccardo

Discover Arco di Riccardo in Trieste, Italy: This Roman monument is surrounded by more recent construction, offering a stark contrast between ancient architecture and the modern urban landscape.

Atlas Obscura 2020

Discover Gredič

Audio Guide
Audio Guide
Architecture and Landscaping
en it
Brutalism 1968
Congress Center Thermenkongress
Audio Guide
Audio Guide
Gemona del Friuli: Photographic path “Fragments of memory”
en it sl
Atlas Obscura 2022
The Divided Church at Kreuzbichl

Discover Geteilte Kirche am Kreuzbichl (Divided Church) in Gmünd in Kärnten, Austria: A road runs through the middle of this small Austrian chapel.

Atlas Obscura 2018
A Remarkably Preserved ‘Danse Macabre’ Fresco

A pristine depiction of the medieval dance of death.

Atlas Obscura 2018
Pàlcoda Ghost Town

Discover Pàlcoda Ghost Town in Tramonti di sotto, Italy: This overgrown mountain village has been abandoned for nearly a century.

Atlas Obscura 2020

Discover 'Ursus' in Trieste, Italy: This historic floating crane became an unlikely symbol of the port of Trieste.

World Heritage Site 1998
Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia

Aquileia (in Friuli-Venezia Giulia), one of the largest and wealthiest cities of the Early Roman Empire, was destroyed by Attila in the mid-5th century. Most of it still lies unexcavated beneath the fields, and as such it constitutes the greatest archae…

World Heritage Site 1986
Škocjan Caves

This exceptional system of limestone caves comprises collapsed dolines, some 6 km of underground passages with a total depth of more than 200 m, many waterfalls and one of the largest known underground chambers. The site, located in the Kras region (lit…

Atlas Obscura 2020
Monumento ai Lupi di Toscana

Discover Monumento ai Lupi di Toscana in San Giovanni di Duino, Italy: Two bronze wolves atop this large rock honor the "Wolves of Tuscany" brigade of World War I.

Atlas Obscura 2021
Soteska Pekel (Hell Gorge)

Discover Soteska Pekel (Hell Gorge) in Borovnica, Slovenia: Apparently, Hell has waterfalls in Slovenia.

Audio Guide
Audio Guide
en it
Atlas Obscura 2019
Monument to the Fallen Partisan Alpinists

Discover Monument to the Fallen Partisan Alpinists in Mojstrana, Slovenia: The monument honors the mountaineers who were part of Europe’s best anti-Nazi forces.

Uffici Zanussi
Atlas Obscura 2019
Bell Tower of Caorle Cathedral

Discover Campanile del Duomo di Caorle (Bell Tower of Caorle Cathedral) in Caorle, Italy: A cone-shaped top and cylindrical body set this 900-year-old structure apart from other Italian bell towers.

Brutalism 1969
Il Quadrilatero (ATER) Rozzol Melara
Atlas Obscura 2018
Cave del Predil

Discover Cave del Predil in Cave del Predil, Italy: With its mine closed, this old village is starting to resemble a ghost town.

Brutalism 1966
Thermal Bath Felsentherme
Post 2019
Why Mediaeval Europeans Slept Inside Boxes
Atlas Obscura 2020
‘Ajdovska Deklica’ (‘Heathen Maiden’)

Discover 'Ajdovska Deklica' ('Heathen Maiden') in Slovenia: An unmistakable facial pareidolia in the Julian Alps also includes a fantastic tale.

Atlas Obscura 2021
Duino Mithraeum

Discover Duino Mithraeum in Duino, Italy: Europe's only Temple of Mithras located in a natural cave.