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Country United Kingdom

World Heritage Site 2019
Jodrell Bank Observatory

Located in a rural area of northwest England, free from radio interference, Jodrell Bank is one of the world’s leading radio astronomy observatories. At the beginning of its use, in 1945, the site housed research on cosmic rays detected by radar echoes….

Brutalism
Assembly Hall, Bootham School
Brutalism
World’s End Estate
Brutalism
Nuffield Transplantation Surgery Unit (Western General Hospital)
Brutalism 1971
Brixton Recreation Centre
Brutalism 1962
Ulster Museum Extension
Brutalism 1980
Arts Barn, University of Bath
Brutalism 1966
DEMOLISHED
Robin Hood Gardens
Brutalism
Keeling House
World Heritage Site 1988
Tower of London

The massive White Tower is a typical example of Norman military architecture, whose influence was felt throughout the kingdom. It was built on the Thames by William the Conqueror to protect London and assert his power. The Tower of London – an imp…

World Heritage Site 1987
Blenheim Palace

Blenheim Palace, near Oxford, stands in a romantic park created by the famous landscape gardener ‘Capability’ Brown. It was presented by the English nation to John Churchill, first Duke of Marlborough, in recognition of his victory in 1704 over French a…

Brutalism 1964
Lambeth Towers
Brutalism
Central Hall, University of York
World Heritage Site 2004
Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City

Six areas in the historic centre and docklands of the maritime mercantile City of Liverpool bear witness to the development of one of the world’s major trading centres in the 18th and 19th centuries. Liverpool played an important role in the growt…

Brutalism
Crown Building CP2
Brutalism 1957
St Bride’s Roman Catholic Church
Brutalism 1965
Wates Blocks
Brutalism
Alton Estate West
World Heritage Site 1986
Durham Castle and Cathedral

Durham Cathedral was built in the late 11th and early 12th centuries to house the relics of St Cuthbert (evangelizer of Northumbria) and the Venerable Bede. It attests to the importance of the early Benedictine monastic community and is the largest and …

Brutalism
Assembly Rooms
World Heritage Site 2021
The Slate Landscape of Northwest Wales

The Slate Landscape of Northwest Wales illustrates the transformation that industrial slate quarrying and mining brought about in the traditional rural environment of the mountains and valleys of the Snowdon massif. The territory, extending from mountai…

Brutalism 1972
Macadam Building, King’s College London
Brutalism
Queen Elisabeth II Law Courts
Brutalism
Annex “Old Vic” Theater
World Heritage Site 2015
The Forth Bridge

This railway bridge, crossing the Forth estuary in Scotland, had the world’s longest spans (541 m) when it opened in 1890. It remains one of the greatest cantilever trussed bridges and continues to carry passengers and freight. Its distinctive industr…

Brutalism
Studio Bernat Klein
Brutalism
School of Music, Cardiff University
Brutalism
Cambridge School of Architecture
Brutalism 1957
Engineering Building, Leicester University
Brutalism
Hudson Beare Lecture Theatre, Edinburgh University
World Heritage Site 2001
Derwent Valley Mills

The Derwent Valley in central England contains a series of 18th- and 19th- century cotton mills and an industrial landscape of high historical and technological interest. The modern factory owes its origins to the mills at Cromford, where Richard Arkwri…

Brutalism
Cranbrook Estate
Brutalism 1963
Sports Hall, University of Hull
Brutalism 1962
University of East Anglia (UEA)
Brutalism
Trinity Hall
Brutalism
DEMOLISHED
Knottingley Sports Centre
Brutalism
Worsley Medical and Dental Building
Brutalism 1962
Wyndham Court
Brutalism 1960
Hilda Besse Building, St. Antony’s College
Brutalism
Eros House
Brutalism
Roger Stevens Building, University of Leeds
Brutalism 1955
Sugden House
Brutalism
Keble College
Brutalism
Park Hill
Brutalism
Grantchester Road Residential Building
World Heritage Site 1986
Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey

In the 18th century a designed landscape of exceptional beauty was created around the ruins of the Cistercian Fountains Abbey, in Yorkshire. The spectacular ruins of the 12th century abbey and water mill, the Jacobean mansion of Fountains Hall, the Vict…

Brutalism 1959
Allbrook House and Roehampton Library
Brutalism 1965
Barbican Estate
Brutalism
DEMOLISHED
Heygate Estate
Brutalism
Gascoyne Estate, Bentham Road
Brutalism
Trellick Tower
Brutalism
Welbeck Street Car Park
Brutalism
Workshops & Housing, Loudoun Road
Brutalism
Needler Hall, Hall of Residence, University of Hull
Brutalism
Northern Co-operative Store (“Norco House”, today: John Lewis Store),
Brutalism
Moore Street Electricity Substation
World Heritage Site 1986
Ironbridge Gorge

Ironbridge is known throughout the world as the symbol of the Industrial Revolution. It contains all the elements of progress that contributed to the rapid development of this industrial region in the 18th century, from the mines themselves to the railw…

Brutalism 1972
New Hall Place / Royal Sun Alliance Building (today The Capital)
Brutalism
DEMOLISHED
Derwent Tower (Dunston Rocket)
Brutalism
Bank House
Brutalism
DEMOLISHED
Runcorn New Town (Southgate Estate)
Brutalism 1959
St James’s Place
World Heritage Site 1986
Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast

The Giant’s Causeway lies at the foot of the basalt cliffs along the sea coast on the edge of the Antrim plateau in Northern Ireland. It is made up of some 40,000 massive black basalt columns sticking out of the sea. The dramatic sight has inspired lege…

Brutalism
Sydney Jones Library, University of Liverpool
Brutalism
Wolfson Institute, Hammersmith Hospital
Brutalism
Lyttelton House
World Heritage Site 2017
The English Lake District

Located in northwest England, the English Lake District is a mountainous area, whose valleys have been modelled by glaciers in the Ice Age and subsequently shaped by an agro-pastoral land-use system characterized by fields enclosed by walls. The combine…

World Heritage Site 2001
Dorset and East Devon Coast

The cliff exposures along the Dorset and East Devon coast provide an almost continuous sequence of rock formations spanning the Mesozoic Era, or some 185 million years of the earth’s history. The area’s important fossil sites and classic coastal geomorp…

Brutalism 1968
DEMOLISHED
Horizon Building
Brutalism
Castle Car Park, Templar Square
Brutalism
New Street Signal Box
Brutalism
St. Peter and Paul Church (Cathedral of Clifton)
Brutalism 1967
Denys Wilkinson Building
World Heritage Site 1987
City of Bath

Founded by the Romans as a thermal spa, Bath became an important centre of the wool industry in the Middle Ages. In the 18th century, under George III, it developed into an elegant town with neoclassical Palladian buildings, which blend harmoniously wit…

Brutalism
Adam Smith Building, University of Glasgow
Brutalism 1964
Civil Aviation Authority Building
Brutalism 1965
Dining Hall, Darwin College
World Heritage Site 1986
Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites

Stonehenge and Avebury, in Wiltshire, are among the most famous groups of megaliths in the world. The two sanctuaries consist of circles of menhirs arranged in a pattern whose astronomical significance is still being explored. These holy places and the …

World Heritage Site 1999
Heart of Neolithic Orkney

The group of Neolithic monuments on Orkney consists of a large chambered tomb (Maes Howe), two ceremonial stone circles (the Stones of Stenness and the Ring of Brodgar) and a settlement (Skara Brae), together with a number of unexcavated burial, ceremon…

Brutalism 1961
Lillington Gardens
Brutalism 1971
The Savoy Centre
Brutalism
DEMOLISHED
Hutchesontown C
World Heritage Site 2000
Blaenavon Industrial Landscape

The area around Blaenavon is evidence of the pre-eminence of South Wales as the world’s major producer of iron and coal in the 19th century. All the necessary elements can still be seen – coal and ore mines, quarries, a primitive railway system, furnace…

Brutalism 1964
DEMOLISHED
St. James Centre
Brutalism 1960
Preston Bus Station
World Heritage Site 1997
Maritime Greenwich

The ensemble of buildings at Greenwich, an outlying district of London, and the park in which they are set, symbolize English artistic and scientific endeavour in the 17th and 18th centuries. The Queen’s House (by Inigo Jones) was the first Palladian bu…

Brutalism
DEMOLISHED
Tricorn Centre
World Heritage Site 2006
Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape

Much of the landscape of Cornwall and West Devon was transformed in the 18th and early 19th centuries as a result of the rapid growth of pioneering copper and tin mining. Its deep underground mines, engine houses, foundries, new towns, smallholdings, po…

Brutalism
Showroom Hille (Furniture Hille)
Brutalism 1953
St. Peter’s Seminary
Brutalism
Coralline Walk
Brutalism 1986
Brighthelm Church & Community Centre
Brutalism
Langham House Close (Ham Common)
Brutalism 1963
Balfron Tower
Brutalism
Hyde Park Barracks
Brutalism
20th Century Building on South Hill Park, NW3
Brutalism 1955
Brodie Tower, University of Liverpool
Brutalism
Cumbernauld Town Centre
World Heritage Site 1987
Frontiers of the Roman Empire

The ‘Roman Limes’ represents the border line of the Roman Empire at its greatest extent in the 2nd century AD. It stretched over 5,000 km from the Atlantic coast of northern Britain, through Europe to the Black Sea, and from there to the Red Sea and…

World Heritage Site 1988
Henderson Island

Henderson Island, which lies in the eastern South Pacific, is one of the few atolls in the world whose ecology has been practically untouched by a human presence. Its isolated location provides the ideal context for studying the dynamics of insular evol…

Brutalism
Brian Housden House
Brutalism 1969
Perronet House
Brutalism 1967
Templeton College (today: Oxford Saïd Business School)
Brutalism
Hunterian Art Gallery & Mackintosh House
Brutalism
Dunelm House, Durham University
Brutalism 1966
Imperial Hotel
Brutalism 1965
Tinbergen Building, Departement of Zoology and Psychology
Brutalism 1968
Julius Gottlieb Boathouse & Gallery, Carmel College
Brutalism 1960
Economist Cluster
Brutalism
Brunel University Lecture Center
Brutalism
Ministry of Justice
World Heritage Site 1986
St Kilda

This volcanic archipelago, with its spectacular landscapes, is situated off the coast of the Hebrides and comprises the islands of Hirta, Dun, Soay and Boreray. It has some of the highest cliffs in Europe, which have large colonies of rare and endangere…

Brutalism
Alexandra and Ainsworth Road Estate
World Heritage Site 1995
Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

Edinburgh has been the Scottish capital since the 15th century. It has two distinct areas: the Old Town, dominated by a medieval fortress; and the neoclassical New Town, whose development from the 18th century onwards had a far-reaching influence on Eur…

Brutalism 1962
Minerals and Physical Metallurgy Building, University of Birmingham
Brutalism
Bodleian Law Library, St. Cross Building, University of Oxford
Brutalism
Peckham Car Park (today: Peckham Levels)
Brutalism
Yorkshire Building Society (High Point)
Brutalism 1970
Norrish Central Library
Brutalism
Apollo Pavilion (Pasmore Pavilion)
Brutalism 1957
Harvey Court (Gonville & Caius College)
Brutalism 1965
Bebington Central Library
Brutalism
Library, SOAS University
Brutalism 1967
Police Station
Brutalism 1959
Churchill College
Brutalism 1968
269 Leigham Court Road
World Heritage Site 1988
Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine’s Abbey, and St Martin’s Church

Canterbury, in Kent, has been the seat of the spiritual head of the Church of England for nearly five centuries. Canterbury’s other important monuments are the modest Church of St Martin, the oldest church in England; the ruins of the Abbey of St August…

Brutalism
DEMOLISHED
Birmingham Central Library
Brutalism
Tower Hotel
Brutalism
DEMOLISHED
Sampson House
World Heritage Site 1995
Gough and Inaccessible Islands

The site, located in the south Atlantic, is one of the least-disrupted island and marine ecosystems in the cool temperate zone. The spectacular cliffs of Gough and Inaccessible Islands, towering above the ocean, are free of introduced mammals and home t…

Brutalism 1949
Secondary School (Smithdon High School)
Brutalism 1964
Dawson’s Heights
Brutalism
Czechoslovakian Embassy
Brutalism
Main Spectator Stand, Gala Fairydean Rovers F.C.
World Heritage Site 2003
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

This historic landscape garden features elements that illustrate significant periods of the art of gardens from the 18th to the 20th centuries. The gardens house botanic collections (conserved plants, living plants and documents) that have been consider…

Brutalism 1971
St. Giles Hotel
World Heritage Site 2021
The Great Spa Towns of Europe

This transnational property comprises 11 towns, located in seven European countries: Baden bei Wien (Austria); Spa (Belgium); Františkovy Lázně (Czechia); Karlovy Vary (Czechia); Mariánské Lázně (Czechia); Vichy (France); Bad Ems (Germany)…

Brutalism 1961
Hayward Gallery
Brutalism 1964
Andrew Melville Hall, University of St. Andrews
Brutalism 1959
University of Sussex
Brutalism 1968
Salter’s Hall
Brutalism
DEMOLISHED
Marquess Road Estate
Brutalism
Wrexham Police Station
Brutalism 1965
Attenborough (formerly Gardner) Arts Centre, University of Sussex
World Heritage Site 2001
New Lanark

New Lanark is a small 18th- century village set in a sublime Scottish landscape where the philanthropist and Utopian idealist Robert Owen moulded a model industrial community in the early 19th century. The imposing cotton mill buildings, the spacious an…

Brutalism 1959
St. Matthew
Brutalism
Theological College
World Heritage Site 2009
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal

Situated in north-eastern Wales, the 18 kilometre long Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal is a feat of civil engineering of the Industrial Revolution, completed in the early years of the 19th century. Covering a difficult geographical setting, the building…

Brutalism 1962
DEMOLISHED
Trinity Square
Brutalism
DEMOLISHED
Pimlico Academy
World Heritage Site 2000
Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda

The Town of St George, founded in 1612, is an outstanding example of the earliest English urban settlement in the New World. Its associated fortifications graphically illustrate the development of English military engineering from the 17th to the 20th c…

World Heritage Site 2001
Saltaire

Saltaire, West Yorkshire, is a complete and well-preserved industrial village of the second half of the 19th century. Its textile mills, public buildings and workers’ housing are built in a harmonious style of high architectural standards and the urban …

Brutalism
Royal College of Physicians
Brutalism 1958
New Hall (today: Murray Edwards College)
Brutalism
National Theatre
Brutalism 1962
Casson Pavilion, London Zoo
Brutalism 1963
Acland Burghley School
World Heritage Site 1986
Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd

The castles of Beaumaris and Harlech (largely the work of the greatest military engineer of the time, James of St George) and the fortified complexes of Caernarfon and Conwy are located in the former principality of Gwynedd, in north Wales. These extrem…

World Heritage Site 1987
Palace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey including Saint Margaret’s Church

Westminster Palace, rebuilt from the year 1840 on the site of important medieval remains, is a fine example of neo-Gothic architecture. The site – which also comprises the small medieval Church of Saint Margaret, built in Perpendicular Gothic styl…

Brutalism 1967
Brunswick Centre (Fonding Estate)
World Heritage Site 2016
Gorham’s Cave Complex

The steep limestone cliffs on the eastern side of the Rock of Gibraltar contain four caves with archaeological and paleontological deposits that provide evidence of Neanderthal occupation over a span of more than 100,000 years. This exceptional testimon…