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University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares

Founded by Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros in the early 16th century, Alcalá de Henares was the world’s first planned university city. It was the original model for the Civitas Dei (City of God), the ideal urban community which Spanish missionaries brought to the Americas. It also served as a model for universities in Europe and elsewhere.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

iiTo exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design. All
ivTo be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history. All
viTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria). All



World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
Salt Street Watchmaker 202029.5km site_ao
Love Art? Welcome to Madrid! en 28.4km site_izi
Lose yourself in the Madrid of the Austrians en 29.3km site_izi
Historic Madrid – Where Heaven Kisses Earth en 29.3km site_izi
Discover Madrid’s Other Museums – from Ancient Fossils to Decorative Arts to Ghost Trains en 27.6km site_izi
Urbirun Madrid – Highlights en fr 29.2km site_izi
Madrid city tour de en fr it 30.1km site_izi
The Well of the Miracle 202030km site_ao
Hermitage of Saint Pelagius and Saint Isidore 202027.3km site_ao
‘Día y Noche’ (Day and Night) 202028.4km site_ao
Parroquia de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción (Collegiate Church of Pastrana) Crypt 202038.2km site_ao
Paco de Lucía Metro Station 202028.9km site_ao
Pantheon of Illustrious Men 201928km site_ao
Altamira Cave Replica 201927.9km site_ao
Relics of St. Valentine at Iglesia de San Antón 201928.7km site_ao
Caja de las Letras 201928.5km site_ao
Edificio Mirador 201924.3km site_ao
Carpetana Metro Station Museum 201933.1km site_ao
Convent of the Holy Spirit Crypts 201928.7km site_ao
Parque el Capricho Bunker 201919.4km site_ao
Madrid’s Last Horchata Kiosk 201926.9km site_ao
Costitx Bulls 201927.9km site_ao
Tío Pepe Sign 201929.3km site_ao
Parque del Oeste Pillboxes 201930.9km site_ao
Spain’s First 3D-Printed Pedestrian Bridge 201924.9km site_ao
The Lady of Cerro de los Santos 201927.9km site_ao
Museo de América 201930.3km site_ao
There’s a Sprawling Tropical Garden Inside a Madrid Train Station 201928.6km site_ao
The Bear and the Strawberry Tree 201929.2km site_ao
Madrid’s Walk of Fame 201829.9km site_ao
San Antonio de los Alemanes 201829.1km site_ao
Museo Lazaro Galdiano 201827.3km site_ao
Dolmen de Dalí 201826.6km site_ao
The Lady of Elche 201827.9km site_ao
The Cerro de la Oliva Trenches 201822.1km site_ao
Peironcely 10 201827.9km site_ao
Spain’s Good Luck Frog 201828.1km site_ao
‘Witches’ Sabbath (The Great He-Goat)’ 201828.4km site_ao
An Archaeological Museum Inside a Madrid Subway Station 201829.7km site_ao
Paracuellos Massacres Cross at the Madrid Airport 201715.4km site_ao
Osborne Bull 201722.3km site_ao
The Royal Quartet at the Palace of Madrid 201730.2km site_ao
The Giant of Extremadura 201728.4km site_ao
The Tower of the Bones 201729.9km site_ao
A Morbid Forensics Museum Hidden in Madrid 201830.4km site_ao
Guanche Mummy of Madrid 201728km site_ao
Air Crash Angel 201729.8km site_ao
Caja Madrid Obelisk 201727.2km site_ao
Our Lady of Almudena Cemetery 201824.2km site_ao
Javier Puerta Museum of Anatomy 201630.4km site_ao
Muslim Walls of Madrid 201830.2km site_ao
Madrid’s Museum for the Blind 201728.2km site_ao
Olmec Head Roundabout 201725.2km site_ao
The Rocker Grandma 201827km site_ao
The House of Beasts 201827.3km site_ao
Biblioteca Humanidades, Autonomous University of Madrid 28.9km site_brutalism
Viviendas Militares San Bernardo 197329.2km site_brutalism
Torre del Complejo Cuzco 27.3km site_brutalism
Facultad de Ciencias de la Información, Universidad Complutense de Madrid 30.7km site_brutalism
Torre de Valencia 196827.2km site_brutalism
Nuestra Señora de la Luz 25.5km site_brutalism
Apartment Building Calle Monte Esquinza 41 28km site_brutalism
Casa Carvajal 36.2km site_brutalism
Edificio Pirámide 27.8km site_brutalism
Torres Blancas 26.1km site_brutalism
Facultad de Biológicas y Geológicas, Complutense University of Madrid 196430.5km site_brutalism
Iglesia de Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Filipinas 196726.6km site_brutalism
Laboratorios Jorba “La Pagoda” 196523.6km site_brutalism
Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de España 196531.4km site_brutalism

About the source: UNESCO

Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.