Located in Upper Silesia, in southern Poland, one of the main mining areas of central Europe, the property includes the entire underground mine with adits, shafts, galleries and other features of the water management system. Most of the property is situated underground while the surface mining topography features relics of shafts and waste heaps, as well as the remains of the 19th century steam water pumping station. The elements of the water management system, located underground and on the surface, testify to continuous efforts over three centuries to drain the underground extraction zone and to use undesirable water from the mines to supply towns and industry. Tarnowskie Góry represents a significant contribution to the global production of lead and zinc.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|i||To represent a masterpiece of human creative genius.||All|
|ii||To exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design.||All|
|iv||To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.||All|
|Poland’s Unusual Desert||2019||49.5km||site_ao|
|Poland’s Iconic ‘Saucer’||2018||23.2km||site_ao|
|A Science and Technology Park at Czechia’s Historic Industrial Site||2017||80.5km||site_ao|
|Former Silesian Science Institute||24.8km||site_brutalism|
| Auschwitz Birkenau |
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.