the places I have been / Babak F
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World Heritage Site Struve Geodetic Arc

The Struve Arc is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea, through 10 countries and over 2,820 km. These are points of a survey, carried out between 1816 and 1855 by the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve, which represented the first accurate measuring of a long segment of a meridian. This helped to establish the exact size and shape of the planet and marked an important step in the development of earth sciences and topographic mapping. It is an extraordinary example of scientific collaboration among scientists from different countries, and of collaboration between monarchs for a scientific cause. The original arc consisted of 258 main triangles with 265 main station points. The listed site includes 34 of the original station points, with different markings, i.e. a drilled hole in rock, iron cross, cairns, or built obelisks.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

iiTo exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design. All
ivTo be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history. All
viTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria). All
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Atlas Obscura 2019
Tartu Student Lock-Up

Discover Tartu Student Lock-Up in Tartu, Estonia: Troublesome students were detained in this tiny graffiti-covered university jail.

Atlas Obscura 2019
The World’s Largest Hoberman Sphere

Discover World’s Largest Hoberman Sphere in Tartu, Estonia: The enormous isokinetic structure hangs within a science center in Estonia.

Atlas Obscura 2019
Old Believers Museum

Discover Old Believers Museum in Kolkja, Estonia: Its collection offers a glimpse into the Russian Old Believers' centuries-old way of life.

Atlas Obscura 2018
Museum of Soviet Vehicles

Discover Museum of Soviet Vehicles in Järva-Jaani, Estonia: Rusted cars, trucks, and buses form a fascinating collection of Soviet-era machinery.

Atlas Obscura 2019
Kolkja Kala-ja Sibularestora (Kolkja Old Believers Restaurant)

Discover Kolkja Kala-ja Sibularestora (Kolkja Old Believers Restaurant) in Kolkja, Estonia: This unique eatery offers a taste of Estonia's "Onion Route.".

Atlas Obscura 2019
Chicory Museum

Discover Chicory Museum in Kolkja, Estonia: See tools once used for processing this coffee-substitute plant before sampling its flavor firsthand.

Post 2019
A New Sculptural Wood Pavilion Stands Proud In Estonia
Atlas Obscura 2018
The Fascinating Home of the National Archives of Estonia

The labyrinthine building is a brilliant blend of architecture, art, and history.

Atlas Obscura 2019
Rakvere Aurochs Statue

Discover Rakvere Aurochs Statue in Rakvere, Estonia: This behemoth bovine guards an Estonian town and is a memorial to the lost species.

Atlas Obscura 2018
Brown Bear Watching Hide

Discover Brown Bear Watching Hide in Palasi, Estonia: Two well-hidden huts let animal lovers spend the night among the bears, wolves, and other predators of the forest.

Atlas Obscura 2017
The Struve Geodetic Arc

Discover The Struve Geodetic Arc in Tartu, Estonia: A historic scientific breakthrough that crosses nine borders.

Atlas Obscura 2019
Karl Ernst von Baer Statue

Discover Karl Ernst von Baer Statue in Tartu, Estonia: Once a year, local students "clean" this statue with a champagne shower.