Situated on the western slopes of the Mount Carmel range, the site includes the caves of Tabun, Jamal, el-Wad and Skhul. Ninety years of archaeological research have revealed a cultural sequence of unparalleled duration, providing an archive of early human life in south-west Asia. This 54 ha property contains cultural deposits representing at least 500,000 years of human evolution demonstrating the unique existence of both Neanderthals andEarly Anatomically Modern Humans within the same Middle Palaeolithic cultural framework, the Mousterian. Evidence from numerous Natufian burials and early stone architecture represents the transition from a hunter-gathering lifestyle to agriculture and animal husbandry. As a result, the caves have become a key site of the chrono-stratigraphic framework for human evolution in general, and the prehistory of the Levant in particular.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|iii||To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.||All|
|v||To be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change.||All|
|An Ancient Underground Mithraeum in Israel||2018||20km||site_ao|
|Beit She’arim Necropolis||2018||15.9km||site_ao|
|Soldier’s House (Beit Hachyal)||1963||17km||site_brutalism|
|Faculty of Mechanical Engineering (today Danciger Laboratories), Technion||12.9km||site_brutalism|
|Leo Baeck School||17km||site_brutalism|
|Necropolis of Bet She’arim: A Landmark of Jewish Renewal||2015||15.5km||site_whs|
|Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee||2008||17.7km||site_whs|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.