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Royal Building of Mafra – Palace, Basilica, Convent, Cerco Garden and Hunting Park (Tapada)

Located 30 km northwest of Lisbon, the site was conceived by King João V in 1711 as a tangible representation of his conception of the monarchy and the State. This imposing quadrangular building houses the king’s and queen’s palaces, the royal chapel, shaped like a Roman baroque basilica, a Franciscan monastery and a library containing 36,000 volumes. The complex is completed by the Cerco garden, with its geometric layout, and the royal hunting park (Tapada). The Royal Mafra Building is one of the most remarkable works undertaken by King João V, which illustrates the power and reach of the Portuguese Empire. João V adopted Roman and Italian baroque architectural and artistic models and commissioned works of art that make Mafra an exceptional example of Italian Baroque.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

ivTo be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history. All



World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
LISBOA en 28.9kmsite_izi
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Church Sagrado Coração 201928.2kmsite_ao
Panorâmico de Monsanto 201926.2kmsite_ao
The Cold Greenhouse 201927.5kmsite_ao
History of Lisbon Mural 201930.2kmsite_ao
The Cork Convent 201919.5kmsite_ao
This Charming Candle Shop Has Been Open Since 1789 201929.7kmsite_ao
Pavilhão Chinês 201929.1kmsite_ao
Calouste Gulbenkian Museum 201826.7kmsite_ao
Santíssima Trindade Church 201626.6kmsite_ao
Hospital de Bonecas 201629.7kmsite_ao
National Coach Museum 201428.9kmsite_ao
Lisbon’s Electricity Museum 201629.1kmsite_ao
Bordallo Pinheiro Garden 201324.7kmsite_ao
Santa Justa Lift 201629.8kmsite_ao
Boca do Inferno 201228.8kmsite_ao
Castelo dos Mouros (Castle of the Moors) 201616.5kmsite_ao
Rhinoceros of Belem Tower 201028.9kmsite_ao
Carmo Convent Ruins 201029.7kmsite_ao
Pena National Palace 201517.6kmsite_ao
Quinta da Regaleira 201216.8kmsite_ao
Ursa Beach 201921.8kmsite_ao
Church of Santa Engrácia 201830.2kmsite_ao
Conserveira de Lisboa 201830.3kmsite_ao
Why Bats Patrol This Portuguese Library at Night 20180kmsite_ao
Livraria Simão 201829.9kmsite_ao
Jerónimos Monastery 201628.6kmsite_ao
The World’s Oldest Still Operational Bookstore 201729.8kmsite_ao
A Portuguese Serial Killer’s Head in a Jar 201725.2kmsite_ao
Edifício Caleidoscópio 197125kmsite_brutalism
Edificio Winterthur (today: Liberty Seguros) 28kmsite_brutalism
Church Nossa Senhora da Conceição 197026.1kmsite_brutalism
Offices and Museum of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation 195626.7kmsite_brutalism
Lisbon Palace of Justice (Palacío de Justiça de Lisboa) 196227kmsite_brutalism
Igreja do Sagrado Coração de Jesus 28.2kmsite_brutalism
Josè Gomes Ferreira Secondary School 197624kmsite_brutalism
Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon 198328.9kmsite_whs
Cultural Landscape of Sintra 199518.8kmsite_whs
The mysterious inverted tower steeped in Templar myth 202016.8kmpost

About the source: UNESCO

Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.

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