Inhabited since prehistoric times, this Nabataean caravan-city, situated between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, was an important crossroads between Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia. Petra is half-built, half-carved into the rock, and is surrounded by mountains riddled with passages and gorges. It is one of the world’s most famous archaeological sites, where ancient Eastern traditions blend with Hellenistic architecture.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|i||To represent a masterpiece of human creative genius.||All|
|iii||To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.||All|
|iv||To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.||All|
|Kibbutz Neot Semadar||2019||50.7km||site_ao|
|An Extinct Tree Grown From a 2,000-Year-Old Seed||2017||54.3km||site_ao|
|Hejaz Railway Train of Wadi Rum||2017||70.3km||site_ao|
|Wadi Rum Protected Area||2011||76.8km||site_whs|
|Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev||2005||35.8km||site_whs|
|Petra, a desert dream: Travel Weekly||2019||3.6km||post|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.