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Mountain Railways of India

This site includes three railways. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was the first, and is still the most outstanding, example of a hill passenger railway. Opened in 1881, its design applies bold and ingenious engineering solutions to the problem of establishing an effective rail link across a mountainous terrain of great beauty. The construction of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a 46-km long metre-gauge single-track railway in Tamil Nadu State was first proposed in 1854, but due to the difficulty of the mountainous location the work only started in 1891 and was completed in 1908. This railway, scaling an elevation of 326 m to 2,203 m, represented the latest technology of the time. The Kalka Shimla Railway, a 96-km long, single track working rail link built in the mid-19th century to provide a service to the highland town of Shimla is emblematic of the technical and material efforts to disenclave mountain populations through the railway. All three railways are still fully operational.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

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iiTo exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design. All
ivTo be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history. All

Nearby

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Sites

World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
NameSinceDistance
Airavatesvara Temple’s Optical Illusion 2020271.3kmsite_ao
Hogenakkal Falls 2020113.7kmsite_ao
Malappuram – Kerala – The Land of Religious Harmony en 137.2kmsite_izi
Kollam (Quilon) – Kerala – The Gateway to Kerala Backwaters en 295.5kmsite_izi
Thrissur – Kerala’s Cultural Capital en 112kmsite_izi
Fort Kochi – Kerala – India’s First European Township en 188.2kmsite_izi
Ernakulam – Kerala’s Commercial Capital en 172.2kmsite_izi
Alappuzha (Alleppey) – Kerala – The Venice of the East en 266.6kmsite_izi
Pathanamthitta – Kerala – Kerala’s Pilgrim Capital en 246.9kmsite_izi
Kottayam – Kerala – The land of letters, legends, latex & lakes en 216.6kmsite_izi
Idukki – The Mystique Hill Station of Kerala en 214.4kmsite_izi
Palakkad – The Granary of Kerala en 93.4kmsite_izi
Bangalore City Tour – Karnataka en 180.2kmsite_izi
Bangalore Escapes – Karnataka en 222.2kmsite_izi
Bangalore South Tour – Karnataka en 176.1kmsite_izi
Chitradurga Fort 2020306.4kmsite_ao
Ammachi Kottaram 2019215.5kmsite_ao
Guru Sweet Mart 201994.1kmsite_ao
Neuropathology Brain Museum 2018174.6kmsite_ao
The Adiyogi Shiva Statue 201863kmsite_ao
The World’s Largest Banyan Tree 2017317.9kmsite_ao
Village of Twins 2016125.2kmsite_ao
Visvesvaraya Centre 1974178.7kmsite_brutalism
Golconde Ashram 1936319.1kmsite_brutalism
Visvesvaraya Center 178.7kmsite_brutalism
Great Living Chola Temples 1987252.9kmsite_whs

About the source: UNESCO

Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.

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