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Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

Built at the end of the 16th century on a plan in the form of a grill, the instrument of the martyrdom of St Lawrence, the Escurial Monastery stands in an exceptionally beautiful site in Castile. Its austere architecture, a break with previous styles, had a considerable influence on Spanish architecture for more than half a century. It was the retreat of a mystic king and became, in the last years of Philip II’s reign, the centre of the greatest political power of the time.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

iTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius. All
iiTo exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design. All
viTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria). All



World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
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Sirenas de Segovia 202040.8km site_ao
The Well of the Miracle 202039.9km site_ao
Paco de Lucía Metro Station 202036.4km site_ao
Silla de Felipe II (Phillip II’s Chair) 20202.7km site_ao
Cementerio del Cristo (Cemetery of Christ) 201918.5km site_ao
Altamira Cave Replica 201941km site_ao
Relics of St. Valentine at Iglesia de San Antón 201940.2km site_ao
Caja de las Letras 201940.7km site_ao
Edificio Mirador 201941.2km site_ao
The Selfie Devil 201940.7km site_ao
Civil War Bunkers of Alto del León 201914.3km site_ao
Carpetana Metro Station Museum 201938.8km site_ao
Móstoles Planets Garden 201935km site_ao
Convent of the Holy Spirit Crypts 201940.7km site_ao
Costitx Bulls 201940.9km site_ao
Tío Pepe Sign 201940.1km site_ao
Parque del Oeste Pillboxes 201937.4km site_ao
Spain’s First 3D-Printed Pedestrian Bridge 201940.4km site_ao
Peñalara National Park 201930.4km site_ao
The Lady of Cerro de los Santos 201940.9km site_ao
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Royal Library of San Lorenzo de El Escorial 20192km site_ao
The Bear and the Strawberry Tree 201940.2km site_ao
Madrid’s Walk of Fame 201839km site_ao
San Antonio de los Alemanes 201839.9km site_ao
Manzanares el Real Castle 201827.6km site_ao
The Ibex of La Pedriza 201830.3km site_ao
Museo Lazaro Galdiano 201840.6km site_ao
The Lady of Elche 201840.9km site_ao
Spain’s Good Luck Frog 201840.7km site_ao
‘Witches’ Sabbath (The Great He-Goat)’ 201841.2km site_ao
Allegory of ‘The Tree of Life’ 201841km site_ao
An Archaeological Museum Inside a Madrid Subway Station 201839.7km site_ao
The Royal Quartet at the Palace of Madrid 201739.6km site_ao
The Tower of the Bones 201739.5km site_ao
A Morbid Forensics Museum Hidden in Madrid 201837.4km site_ao
Guanche Mummy of Madrid 201740.9km site_ao
Air Crash Angel 201739.8km site_ao
Caja Madrid Obelisk 201739.1km site_ao
Javier Puerta Museum of Anatomy 201637.3km site_ao
Muslim Walls of Madrid 201839.5km site_ao
Madrid’s Museum for the Blind 201738.7km site_ao
Biblioteca Humanidades, Autonomous University of Madrid 36.3km site_brutalism
Viviendas Militares San Bernardo 197339.3km site_brutalism
Torre del Complejo Cuzco 39.5km site_brutalism
Facultad de Ciencias de la Información, Universidad Complutense de Madrid 36.9km site_brutalism
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Apartment Building Calle Monte Esquinza 41 40.4km site_brutalism
Casa Carvajal 33.4km site_brutalism
Edificio Pirámide 40.5km site_brutalism
Facultad de Biológicas y Geológicas, Complutense University of Madrid 196437km site_brutalism
Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de España 196536.6km site_brutalism
Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct 198540.8km site_whs

About the source: UNESCO

Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.