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World Heritage Site Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur

The capital of the Old Kingdom of Egypt has some extraordinary funerary monuments, including rock tombs, ornate mastabas, temples and pyramids. In ancient times, the site was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

iTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius. All
iiiTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared. All
viTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria). All
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World Heritage Site 1979
Historic Cairo

Tucked away amid the modern urban area of Cairo lies one of the world’s oldest Islamic cities, with its famous mosques, madrasas, hammams and fountains. Founded in the 10th century, it became the new centre of the Islamic world, reaching its golden age …

Atlas Obscura 2019
The Hanging Church

Discover The Hanging Church in Cairo, Egypt: Standing atop 2nd-century Roman ruins, this church is one of the oldest and most iconic in Old Cairo.

World Heritage Site 2005
Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)

Wadi Al-Hitan, Whale Valley, in the Western Desert of Egypt, contains invaluable fossil remains of the earliest, and now extinct, suborder of whales, Archaeoceti. These fossils represent one of the major stories of evolution: the emergence of the whale …

Atlas Obscura 2017
Nilometer: This Ancient Instrument Measured the Waters of the Nile

The nilometer was invented about 5,000 years so Egyptian farmers would know whether to expect famine or flood.

Post 2020
In Cairo, Artists Use Pixels, Cyborgs, and More to Examine Technology and Belief
Atlas Obscura 2017
The World’s Oldest Pyramid

The ancient Pyramid of Djoser is often overshadowed by Egypt's most famous monuments.

Atlas Obscura 2018
Cairo’s Unique Andalusian Garden

A preserved oasis with traditional architecture and beautiful views of the Nile.

Library of the Greek Campus, American University of Cairo
Atlas Obscura 2018
Baron Empain Palace

Discover Baron Empain Palace in El-Montaza, Egypt: Located near Cairo's El Korba district, the abandoned mansion continues to inspire mystery and rumor throughout the city.

Atlas Obscura 2020
Citadel of Saladin

Discover Citadel of Saladin in Cairo, Egypt: The medieval center of the Islamic world was also once the seat of Saladin's sultanate.