The Mahabodhi Temple Complex is one of the four holy sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha, and particularly to the attainment of Enlightenment. The first temple was built by Emperor Asoka in the 3rd century B.C., and the present temple dates from the 5th or 6th centuries. It is one of the earliest Buddhist temples built entirely in brick, still standing in India, from the late Gupta period.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|i||To represent a masterpiece of human creative genius.||All|
|ii||To exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design.||All|
|iii||To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.||All|
|iv||To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.||All|
|vi||To be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria).||All|
|Son Bhandar Caves||2020||54.8km||site_ao|
|Cremation Ghats of Varanasi||2019||210.9km||site_ao|
|The Triveni Sangam||2018||323.3km||site_ao|
|The Leaning Temple of Varanasi||2018||210.9km||site_ao|
|Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar||2016||66.8km||site_whs|
|Chitwan National Park||1984||318.8km||site_whs|
|Sarnath to become a UNESCO World Heritage Site||2019||211.6km||post|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.