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Las Médulas

In the 1st century A.D. the Roman Imperial authorities began to exploit the gold deposits of this region in north-west Spain, using a technique based on hydraulic power. After two centuries of working the deposits, the Romans withdrew, leaving a devastated landscape. Since there was no subsequent industrial activity, the dramatic traces of this remarkable ancient technology are visible everywhere as sheer faces in the mountainsides and the vast areas of tailings, now used for agriculture.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

iTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius. All
iiTo exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design. All
iiiTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared. All
ivTo be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history. All



World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
Old Portomarín 202078.6km site_ao
Ribadavia Casa de la Inquisición (Seat of the Inquisition) 2019114.5km site_ao
Aquis Querquennis 2019113.9km site_ao
Castle of Numão 2019158.3km site_ao
Horse of Mazouco 2019157.1km site_ao
Portada de la Antigua Iglesia de San Isidoro (Arch of the Old Church of San Isidoro) 2019124.3km site_ao
This Labyrinth Is Full of Toxic Plants 2019150km site_ao
Cantabrian Bears of Asturias 2019102.2km site_ao
Cercado Osero 2019107.6km site_ao
Iglesia Santa Maria del Naranco 2019125.1km site_ao
The Mafalda Monument 2019124.3km site_ao
Teverga Prehistoric Park 201993.5km site_ao
Fragas do Eume 2019152.9km site_ao
Cueva de La Peña de Candamo 2019123.6km site_ao
El Sidrón Neanderthal Bones 2019124.8km site_ao
The Green Skeleton 2019124.8km site_ao
This Ancient Yew Tree Is More than 2,000 Years Old 2019103.6km site_ao
Stone House 2011152.9km site_ao
Drowned Village of Vilarinho da Furna 2016140.4km site_ao
Spain’s First ‘Book Town’ 2018153.5km site_ao
Botafumeiro 2018152.1km site_ao
The Stilted Granaries of Soajo 2017139.7km site_ao
The Bench of Whispers Has Heard 100 Years of Secrets 2017152.2km site_ao
Misalera Devil’s Bridge 2017134.5km site_ao
Nursing Home 1975124.1km site_brutalism
Iglesia Nueva Santa Cruz 161.1km site_brutalism
Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de La Coruña 164km site_brutalism
Roman Walls of Lugo 200087.8km site_whs
Routes of Santiago de Compostela: Camino Francés and Routes of Northern Spain 1993100.5km site_whs
Santiago de Compostela (Old Town) 1985152.1km site_whs
Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias 1985124.8km site_whs

About the source: UNESCO

Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.