Shared between Mongolia and the Russian Federation, this site is an outstanding example of the Daurian Steppe eco-region, which extends from eastern Mongolia into Russian Siberia and northeastern China. Cyclical climate changes, with distinct dry and wet periods lead to a wide diversity of species and ecosystems of global significance. The different types of steppe ecosystems represented, such as grassland and forest, as well as lakes and wetlands serve as habitats for rare species of fauna, such as the White-naped crane, Great Bustard, Relict Gull and Swan goose, as well as millions of vulnerable, endangered or threatened migratory birds. It is also a critical site on the transboundary migration path for the Mongolian gazelle.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|ix||To be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals.||All|
|x||To contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.||All|
|Matryoshka Square (Russian Taowa Square)||2020||146.1km||site_ao|
|Mongolia’s Beatles Monument||2018||661.1km||site_ao|
|Mongolian Military Museum||2018||657.5km||site_ao|
|Mongolia’s Puzzle Museum||2017||658.5km||site_ao|
|Central Museum of Mongolian Dinosaurs||2018||660.8km||site_ao|
|Centre of Shaman Eternal Heavenly Sophistication||2018||661.8km||site_ao|
|Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscape||2015||482.4km||site_whs|
|Exploring Lake Baikal | JSTOR Daily||2019||630.9km||post|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.