The 987-ha site on the volcanic island of Pico, the second largest in the Azores archipelago, consists of a remarkable pattern of spaced-out, long linear walls running inland from, and parallel to, the rocky shore. The walls were built to protect the thousands of small, contiguous, rectangular plots (currais) from wind and seawater. Evidence of this viniculture, whose origins date back to the 15th century, is manifest in the extraordinary assembly of the fields, in houses and early 19th-century manor houses, in wine-cellars, churches and ports. The extraordinarily beautiful man-made landscape of the site is the best remaining area of a once much more widespread practice.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|iii||To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.||All|
|v||To be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change.||All|
|Gorreana Tea Plantation||2020||285.1km||site_ao|
|Solar Branco Gin Library||2019||270km||site_ao|
|Oficina Museu (Workshop Museum)||2019||260.3km||site_ao|
|Santa Cruz da Graciosa Bullring||2015||78.5km||site_ao|
|Hotel Monte Palace||2014||251.5km||site_ao|
|A Fairy-Tale, Neo-Gothic Chapel in the Azores||2017||293.3km||site_ao|
|A Perfectly Circular Lake Formed By an Ancient Volcano||2017||285.5km||site_ao|
|Hotel Monte Palace San Miguel||251.6km||site_brutalism|
|Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores||1983||115.9km||site_whs|
|Peter’s Café Sport: The Post Office in The Middle of The Atlantic||2020||15.5km||post|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.