The ongoing fluvial, marine and aeolian processes in the site have produced a variety of landforms, including coral reefs, long sandy beaches, coastal dunes, lake systems, swamps, and extensive reed and papyrus wetlands. The interplay of the park’s environmental heterogeneity with major floods and coastal storms and a transitional geographic location between subtropical and tropical Africa has resulted in exceptional species diversity and ongoing speciation. The mosaic of landforms and habitat types creates breathtaking scenic vistas. The site contains critical habitats for a range of species from Africa’s marine, wetland and savannah environments.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|ix||To be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals.||All|
|vii||To contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance.||All|
|x||To contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.||All|
|These Otherworldly Caverns Form Earth’s Oldest Known Cave System||2019||330.5km||site_ao|
|Nelson Mandela Capture Site||2018||294.5km||site_ao|
|Igreja de Santo António da Polana||1960||208.4km||site_brutalism|
|Barberton Makhonjwa Mountains||2018||257.3km||site_whs|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.