The Hospicio Cabañas was built at the beginning of the 19th century to provide care and shelter for the disadvantaged – orphans, old people, the handicapped and chronic invalids. This remarkable complex, which incorporates several unusual features designed specifically to meet the needs of its occupants, was unique for its time. It is also notable for the harmonious relationship between the open and built spaces, the simplicity of its design, and its size. In the early 20th century, the chapel was decorated with a superb series of murals, now considered some of the masterpieces of Mexican art. They are the work of José Clemente Orozco, one of the greatest Mexican muralists of the period.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|i||To represent a masterpiece of human creative genius.||All|
|ii||To exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design.||All|
|iii||To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.||All|
|iv||To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.||All|
|Museo Regional de la Cerámica (Regional Museum of Ceramics)||2019||4.7km||site_ao|
|Parque Mirador Independencia Amphitheater (Independence Lookout Park)||2019||8.1km||site_ao|
|Casa ITESO Clavigero||2019||3.2km||site_ao|
|‘El Muro de los Muertos’ (‘The Wall of the Dead’)||2019||42.4km||site_ao|
|Mummies of Museo de las Animas||2019||149.1km||site_ao|
|Panteón de Belen (Santa Paula Cemetery)||2017||1.7km||site_ao|
|Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila||2006||50.2km||site_whs|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.