Québec was founded by the French explorer Champlain in the early 17th century. It is the only North American city to have preserved its ramparts, together with the numerous bastions, gates and defensive works which still surround Old Québec. The Upper Town, built on the cliff, has remained the religious and administrative centre, with its churches, convents and other monuments like the Dauphine Redoubt, the Citadel and Château Frontenac. Together with the Lower Town and its ancient districts, it forms an urban ensemble which is one of the best examples of a fortified colonial city.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|iv||To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.||All|
|vi||To be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria).||All|
|Urbirun Quebec City – Highlights en fr||0.5km||site_izi|
|Les Fresques des Piliers||2019||0.9km||site_ao|
|Cartier Avenue’s Giant Lampshades||2019||1.3km||site_ao|
|The Murals of Quebec City||2017||0.6km||site_ao|
|Les Chutes du $5||2017||83.7km||site_ao|
|Grand Théâtre de Québec||1963||0.9km||site_brutalism|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.