The site is situated in the north-east of the country in the central part of the Khentii mountain chain where the vast Central Asian steppe meets the coniferous forests of the Siberian taiga. Burkhan Khaldun is associated with the worship of sacred mountains, rivers and ovoo-s (shamanic rock cairns), in which ceremonies have been shaped by a fusion of ancient shamanic and Buddhist practices. The site is also believed to be the place of Genghis Khan’s birth and burial. It testifies to his efforts to establish mountain worship as an important part of the unification of the Mongol people.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|iv||To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.||All|
|vi||To be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria).||All|
|Mongolian Railway History Museum||2020||181.6km||site_ao|
|Eej Khad (Mother Rock)||2019||220.9km||site_ao|
|Mongolia’s Beatles Monument||2018||181.7km||site_ao|
|Mongolian Military Museum||2018||178.3km||site_ao|
|Mongolia’s Puzzle Museum||2017||179.4km||site_ao|
|The World’s Last Truly Wild Horse||2017||256.9km||site_ao|
|Central Museum of Mongolian Dinosaurs||2018||181.3km||site_ao|
|Centre of Shaman Eternal Heavenly Sophistication||2018||182.3km||site_ao|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.