Situated in the Pacific Ocean some 1,000 km from the South American continent, these 19 islands and the surrounding marine reserve have been called a unique ‘living museum and showcase of evolution’. Located at the confluence of three ocean currents, the Galápagos are a ‘melting pot’ of marine species. Ongoing seismic and volcanic activity reflects the processes that formed the islands. These processes, together with the extreme isolation of the islands, led to the development of unusual animal life – such as the land iguana, the giant tortoise and the many types of finch – that inspired Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection following his visit in 1835.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|ix||To be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals.||All|
|vii||To contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance.||All|
|viii||To be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features.||All|
|x||To contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.||All|
|Rio Muchacho Organic Farm||2019||1179.8km||site_ao|
|Ecuador’s Other Island of Biological Diversity||2017||1105.6km||site_ao|
|Faculty of Architecture, Universidad Católica Santiago de Guayaquil||1242.5km||site_brutalism|
|Cocos Island National Park||1997||830.3km||site_whs|
|Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary||2006||1170.5km||site_whs|
|A birder s guide to the Galapagos||2019||15.9km||post|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.