Modern humans first arrived in Europe 43,000 years ago during the last ice age. One of the areas where they took up residence was the Swabian Jura in southern Germany. Excavated from the 1860s, six caves have revealed items dating from 43,000 to 33,000 years ago. Among them are carved figurines of animals (including cave lions, mammoths, horses and bovids), musical instruments and items of personal adornment. Other figurines depict creatures that are half animal, half human and there is one statuette of a woman. These archaeological sites feature some of the oldest figurative art worldwide and help shed light on the origins of human artistic development.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|iii||To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.||All|
|Kirchheim Natter Pads||2010||33.2km||site_ao|
|The Museum of Bread Culture||2013||16.6km||site_ao|
|The Most Beautiful Village Church in the World||2016||40.3km||site_ao|
|Ulm Minster (Ulmer Münster)||2012||16.7km||site_ao|
|Zum Guten Hirten||1966||19.2km||site_brutalism|
|Ulm School of Design (Hochschule für Gestaltung)||1950||13.6km||site_brutalism|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.