Situated 85 km south of Baghdad, the property includes the ruins of the city which, between 626 and 539 BCE, was the capital of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. It includes villages and agricultural areas surrounding the ancient city. Its remains, outer and inner-city walls, gates, palaces and temples, are a unique testimony to one of the most influential empires of the ancient world. Seat of successive empires, under rulers such as Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar, Babylon represents the expression of the creativity of the Neo-Babylonian Empire at its height. The city’s association with one of the seven wonders of the ancient world—the Hanging Gardens—has also inspired artistic, popular and religious culture on a global scale.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|iii||To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.||All|
|vi||To be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria).||All|
|Saddam Hussein’s Blood Quran||2016||89.2km||site_ao|
|Ministry of Interior||88km||site_brutalism|
|Saddam Hussein Gymnasium (today: Baghdad Gymnasium)||1956||87.3km||site_brutalism|
|Council of Ministers (today: Al Zaqura Palace)||86km||site_brutalism|
|Tobacco Monopoly Headquarters||89.9km||site_brutalism|
|The Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Refuge of Biodiversity and the Relict Landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities||2016||323.9km||site_whs|
|Samarra Archaeological City||2007||207.6km||site_whs|
|Iraqis turn to ecotourism to save marshes||2019||224.6km||post|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.