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Australian Convict Sites

The property includes a selection of eleven penal sites, among the thousands established by the British Empire on Australian soil in the 18th and 19th centuries. The sites are spread across Australia, from Fremantle in Western Australia to Kingston and Arthur’s Vale on Norfolk Island in the east; and from areas around Sydney in New South Wales in the north, to sites located in Tasmania in the south. Around 166,000 men, women and children were sent to Australia over 80 years between 1787 and 1868, condemned by British justice to transportation to the convict colonies. Each of the sites had a specific purpose, in terms both of punitive imprisonment and of rehabilitation through forced labour to help build the colony. The Australian Convict Sites presents the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts.

Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site

ivTo be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history. All
viTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria). All



World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
Curlew Camp Guided Walk (North-South) en ja zh 56kmsite_izi
Opera House & Hyde Park Ride en ja 57kmsite_izi
The Queen’s Letter 202058.3kmsite_ao
Cooks River en 63.3kmsite_izi
Museum and Gallery Walking Tour – Including Vintage Village en 53.1kmsite_izi
Open Field en 53.6kmsite_izi
Emu Plains Walking Tour en 50.6kmsite_izi
Museum of Unintentional Art: Newtown Sydney en 60.2kmsite_izi
Glebe Waterfront Walk en 57.9kmsite_izi
Sydney Living Heritage Houses & Museums en 57.1kmsite_izi
The Local Sydney’s CBD Guide en 58.4kmsite_izi
Ashfield: People and Places en 58kmsite_izi
Botany’s Foreshores – Then and Now en 67.2kmsite_izi
Lost memories, and lost landscape. The effect of rapid change on the Colonial Houses and estates of South Western Sydney. en 67.7kmsite_izi
Memorial Masonic Tour en 59kmsite_izi
Humble to Handsome walk en 56.4kmsite_izi
Centennial Park – History Walking Tour en 61kmsite_izi
Centennial Park Nature & Wildlife Walking Tour en 61kmsite_izi
Lane Cove Remembers en 51kmsite_izi
People and Places in Early Glebe en 59.1kmsite_izi
Early Architects of Glebe en 57.6kmsite_izi
Rock and Roll walk of Fame and Shame: City to Pyrmont en 57.5kmsite_izi
Sydney Bike the Bridge de en ja pt zh 57kmsite_izi
Masonic Sites of Sydney en 57.2kmsite_izi
Focus on Furniture en 59.4kmsite_izi
Marrickville: Carrington Rd Industrial Heritage en 61.7kmsite_izi
Norton Street History Walk en 57.4kmsite_izi
Sydney’s Walsh Bay – Sculpture Walk en 56.6kmsite_izi
Yerrabingin Farm 202060.6kmsite_ao
Water Dragons of the Chinese Garden of Friendship 202058.7kmsite_ao
Odd Mountain 201973.5kmsite_ao
Trim the Cat 201957.9kmsite_ao
Australian Monument to the Great Irish Famine 201958.3kmsite_ao
St. John’s Cemetery 201948.8kmsite_ao
Badu Mangroves 201952.1kmsite_ao
Gore Hill Cemetery 201952.6kmsite_ao
Sydney’s Charles Dickens Statue 201962.1kmsite_ao
The Sound of Sydney’s Lost Birds 201757.8kmsite_ao
Sydney Harbour’s Secret Garden 201755.4kmsite_ao
An Accessible, Ancient Aboriginal Carving of a Whale in North Sydney 201754.9kmsite_ao
Sydney’s Controversial Brutalist Sirius Building 201756.9kmsite_ao
Australia’s Massive Collection of Contemporary Chinese Art 201759.6kmsite_ao
Purikura Photobooths in Sydney, Australia 201759.1kmsite_ao
St Leonards Centre (today: Oxley Business Center) 53.2kmsite_brutalism
Wentworth Building, University of Sydney 59.7kmsite_brutalism
UTS Tower, University of Technology 196459.4kmsite_brutalism
School of Molecular Bioscience & Biochemistry, Sydney University 197059.8kmsite_brutalism
Reader’s Digest Building 196360kmsite_brutalism
Federal Court of Australia 196758.2kmsite_brutalism
Law School Building, St. James Campus, University of Sydney 58.1kmsite_brutalism
Surry Hills Police Center 197559.3kmsite_brutalism
Macquarie University Library (C7A) 45.3kmsite_brutalism
Seidler House 196639.2kmsite_brutalism
William Balmain Teachers College (later: Ku-ring-gai Campus, University of Technology) 196848.3kmsite_brutalism
Warringah Civic Centre 49.5kmsite_brutalism
Bidura Children’s Court (Metropolitan Remand Centre) 197758.1kmsite_brutalism
Sirius 197856.9kmsite_brutalism
Sydney Opera House 200757kmsite_whs
Beauty in ruins: the wonder of abandoned buildings – a photo essay 201952.9kmpost

About the source: UNESCO

Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.

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