The Aranjuez cultural landscape is an entity of complex relationships: between nature and human activity, between sinuous watercourses and geometric landscape design, between the rural and the urban, between forest landscape and the delicately modulated architecture of its palatial buildings. Three hundred years of royal attention to the development and care of this landscape have seen it express an evolution of concepts from humanism and political centralization, to characteristics such as those found in its 18th century French-style Baroque garden, to the urban lifestyle which developed alongside the sciences of plant acclimatization and stock-breeding during the Age of Enlightenment.
Criteria for inclusion as a World Heritage Site
|ii||To exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design.||All|
|iv||To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.||All|
|The Roman Baths of Toledo||2020||40.6km||site_ao|
|Carpetana Metro Station Museum||2019||41.2km||site_ao|
|Móstoles Planets Garden||2019||39.8km||site_ao|
|The Cerro de la Oliva Trenches||2018||33.5km||site_ao|
|Roman Circus of Toledo||2017||40.7km||site_ao|
|Spanish Inquisition Torture Museum||2017||40.8km||site_ao|
|Olmec Head Roundabout||2017||37.2km||site_ao|
|The Rocker Grandma||2018||40.2km||site_ao|
|Historic City of Toledo||1986||40.5km||site_whs|
About the source: UNESCO
Within UNESCO's broad remit, this specialised agency of the UN works towards international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage, designating venues of exceptional value as World Heritage Sites.