In Aztec times, this pyramid stood amid an area of wetland. Its name, “Acatitlan,” reflects this, as it translates from Nahuatl to “the place among the reeds.” The structure was likely dedicated as a shrine to deities like the god of war, Huitzilopochtli, and the god of water and rain, Tlaloc.
Spain’s conquest of Mexico partially destroyed the pyramid, smashing segments of the structure and its sculptures to pieces. The colonists then took many of its stones to use as building materials while constructing their own homes and churches.
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