Initially, this site housed a convent built between 1696 and 1706. A church was later consecrated in 1727 and dedicated to the Immaculate Conception. But as it turns out, the church would not function for even a century.
The 1794 eruption of Mount Vesuvius almost completely covered the church, burying its lower levels. A new addition was built atop the old structure in 1804, following the plan of the old church’s still-visible walls.
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