The rundown building at Calle Peironcely 10 in Madrid’s working class Vallecas neighborhood became a symbol of the Spanish Civil War, thanks to an iconic image of the shrapnel-pocked house taken by famous war photographer Robert Capa.
The house was badly damaged by German bombs in 1936, when Adolf Hitler was helping General Francisco Franco overthrow Spain’s republican government and using Madrid as a guinea pig for the blitzkrieg attacks. Capa captured an image of three children sitting in the rubble outside the house while a woman looked on from the side. The poignant photo was published around the world, encouraging many people to join the fight against Franco.
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