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Vatican City

Vatican City , officially the Vatican City State (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano; Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent city state and enclave located within Rome, Italy. The Vatican City State, also known simply as the Vatican, became independent from Italy with the Lateran Treaty (1929), and it is a distinct territory under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See, itself a sovereign entity of international law, which maintains the city state's temporal, diplomatic, and spiritual independence. With an area of 49 hectares (121 acres) and a population of about 825, it is the smallest state in the world by both area and population. As governed by the Holy See, the Vatican City State is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state (a type of theocracy) ruled by the pope who is the bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. After the Avignon Papacy (1309–1437), the popes have mainly resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.
The Holy See dates back to Early Christianity and is the principal episcopal see of the Catholic Church, which has approximately 1.329 billion baptised Catholic Christians in the world as of 2018 in the Latin Church and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches. The independent state of Vatican City, on the other hand, came into existence on 11 February 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870), which had previously encompassed much of central Italy.
Within the Vatican City are religious and cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, and the Vatican Museums.



World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
‘The Vision of Constantine’ 20200kmsite_ao
Borromini’s Perspective Gallery of Palazzo Spada 20201.8kmsite_ao
San Nicola in Carcere 20202.5kmsite_ao
Pons Fabricius 20202.4kmsite_ao
Il Tempio di Adriano (Temple of Hadrian) 20202.2kmsite_ao
Pons Aemilius 20202.6kmsite_ao
Vicus Caprarius 20202.5kmsite_ao
Rome, Campanile walk 2 en 2.2kmsite_izi
Piè di Marmo (Marble Foot) 20202.2kmsite_ao
Madama Lucrezia 20202.4kmsite_ao
Rome, Campanile walk 1 en 2.3kmsite_izi
In Rome, do as the Romans do! en fr it ru 20141.1kmsite_izi
The Flying Donkey 20201.4kmsite_ao
Porto di Ripetta 20201.8kmsite_ao
Chiesa di San Francesco a Ripa Grande (Church of San Francesco a Ripa) 20202.5kmsite_ao
Sant’Ambrogio e Carlo al Corso 20192kmsite_ao
Passetto del Biscione 20191.8kmsite_ao
Il Facchino 20192.3kmsite_ao
Buca Dello Spione 20191.9kmsite_ao
Santa Maria sopra Minerva Flood Markers 20192.1kmsite_ao
Durandal’s Mark 20192kmsite_ao
Basilica of San Crisogono 20192.2kmsite_ao
Il Facchino 20192.3kmsite_ao
‘Il Babuino’ (‘The Baboon’) 20192.2kmsite_ao
Museo Storico Nazionale Dell’ Arte Sanitaria 20190.8kmsite_ao
Elephant and Obelisk 20192kmsite_ao
Vatican City Walls 20190.3kmsite_ao
Villa Doria Pamphili Park 20181.7kmsite_ao
Vatican Mosaic Studio 20180kmsite_ao
Mussolini’s Balcony 20182.3kmsite_ao
Parish Church of Santa Maria del Popolo 20172.1kmsite_ao
Rome’s Hidden Art Nouveau Courtyard 20182.4kmsite_ao
Saint Catherine Russian Orthodox Church 20170.8kmsite_ao
The Wax-Encased Remains of Blessed Anna Maria Taigi 20172.2kmsite_ao
Stumbling Stones of Rome 20182.4kmsite_ao
Uffici Giudiziari 19581.6kmsite_brutalism
Vatican City 19840.3kmsite_whs

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