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Mexico City

Mexico (Spanish: México [ˈmexiko] ; Nahuan languages: Mēxihco), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos; EUM [esˈtaðos uˈniðoz mexiˈkanos] ), is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Mexico covers 1,972,550 square kilometers (761,610 sq mi) and has approximately 128,649,565 inhabitants, making it the world's 13th-largest country by area, 10th-most-populous country, and most populous Spanish-speaking nation. It is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, its capital city and largest metropolis. Other major urban areas include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana, Ciudad Juárez, and León.Pre-Columbian Mexico traces its origins to 8,000 BC and is identified as one of six cradles of civilization; it was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations, most well known among them the Maya and the Aztecs. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its base in Mexico City, which then became known as New Spain. The Catholic Church played an important role as millions of indigenous inhabitants converted. These populations were heavily exploited to mine rich deposits of precious material, which became a major source of wealth for the Spanish. Mexico became an independent nation state after the successful Mexican War of Independence against Spain in 1821.The War of Texas Independence in 1836 and the Mexican–American War led to huge territorial losses in Mexico's sparsely populated north, contiguous to the United States. The newly instituted reforms that granted protection to indigenous communities, and curtailed the power of the military and the church, were enshrined in the Constitution of 1857.

Nearby

Sites

World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
NameSinceDistance
Museo del Calzado (Footwear Museum) 20200.6kmsite_ao
Tomb of Hernán Cortés 20200.4kmsite_ao
Salón de Cabildos (City Hall) 20190.1kmsite_ao
Rooftop Terrace at Museo del Estanquillo 20190.3kmsite_ao
Plaza Santos Degollado 20191.1kmsite_ao
Ottoman Clock 20190.6kmsite_ao
Taquería Los Cocuyos 20190.7kmsite_ao
Helu’s Productos Árabes 20190.5kmsite_ao
The Courtyard of the Franz Mayer Museum 20191.2kmsite_ao
The Franz Mayer Museum’s Silver Collection 20191.2kmsite_ao
Casa de la Memoria Indómita (House of Indomitable Memory) 20190.6kmsite_ao
The Secrets of Mexico City’s Secretariat of Public Education Murals 20190.5kmsite_ao
José Luis Cuevas Museum 20190.5kmsite_ao
Zócalo Metro Models 20190.1kmsite_ao
The Sweets Section at Mercado de la Merced 20191.2kmsite_ao
Monoliths of the Templo Mayor 20190.3kmsite_ao
This Historic Tile-Covered Building Now Houses a Chain Restaurant 20190.8kmsite_ao
Alexander Von Humboldt Monument 20181.2kmsite_ao
A Miniature Model of Mexico City 20180.9kmsite_ao
Gamers El Moro Video Game Museum 20180.8kmsite_ao
The Psychedelic Murals at a Mexico City Research Library 20180.6kmsite_ao
Palace of the Inquisition 20180.6kmsite_ao
Skull Rack of the Great Temple 20180.2kmsite_ao
Serpents of the Great Temple 20180.3kmsite_ao
CCEMx Site Museum 20180.3kmsite_ao
Pyramid of Ehécatl 20180.7kmsite_ao
Aztec Serpent Head Cornerstone 20180.4kmsite_ao
Mercado San Juan 20171.2kmsite_ao
The Cake Room at Pastelería Ideal 20180.3kmsite_ao

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