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Melbourne

Melbourne ( MEL-bərn; Woiwurrung: Naarm) is the capital and most-populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,993 km2 (3,858 sq mi), comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, and is also a common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the Hinterland towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. It has a population of 5 million (19% of the population of Australia), and its inhabitants are commonly referred to as "Melburnians".Home to Indigenous Australians for over 40,000 years, the Melbourne area served as a popular meeting place for local Kulin nation clans. A short-lived penal settlement was built at Port Phillip, then part of the British colony of New South Wales, in 1803, but it was not until 1835, with the arrival of free settlers from Van Diemen’s Land (modern-day Tasmania), that Melbourne was founded. It was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837, and named after the then British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. In 1851, four years after Queen Victoria declared it a city, Melbourne became the capital of the new colony of Victoria. During the 1850s Victorian gold rush, the city entered a lengthy boom period that, by the late 1880s, had transformed it into one of the world's largest and wealthiest metropolises. After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as the interim seat of government of the new nation until Canberra became the permanent capital in 1927. Today, it is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region and ranks 27th globally in the 2020 Global Financial Centres Index.Melbourne is home to many of Australia's best-known landmarks, such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria and the World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building.

Nearby

Sites

World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
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The Queen Victoria Market en 0.8kmsite_izi
The Heritage of Herstory: the emergence of feminism in Melbourne en 1kmsite_izi
Queen Victoria Market en 0.9kmsite_izi
Queen Victoria Gardens – The City Beautiful en 1kmsite_izi
Chinatown, Melbourne en 0.2kmsite_izi
Market place / resting place: the Old Melbourne Cemetery uncovered en 0.9kmsite_izi
Old Melbourne Cemetery (Queen Victoria Market) en 0.8kmsite_izi
The Heritage Value of the Queen Victoria Market en 0.9kmsite_izi
From Punishment to Rehabilitation – The Old Melbourne Gaol en 0.7kmsite_izi
The Nicholas Building 20190.5kmsite_ao
Victoria Police Museum 20171.1kmsite_ao
Fire Services Museum of Victoria 20171.2kmsite_ao
Larry La Trobe Statue 20180.3kmsite_ao
The Friendly Bunyip of Victoria, Australia 20170.4kmsite_ao
AC/DC Lane 20180.7kmsite_ao
Princess Theatre 20180.9kmsite_ao
There’s an Abandoned Ballroom Hidden in Australia’s Busiest Railway Station 20170.6kmsite_ao
The Upended Tram 20181kmsite_ao
‘Mr. Lizard and Gumnut Baby’ Statue 20180.5kmsite_ao
Marionette Fob Watch 20180.4kmsite_ao
Visit One of the World’s First Movie Studios 20170.8kmsite_ao
Mailbox Art Space 20180.6kmsite_ao
The Bullet-Banged Armour of Australia’s Most Famous Outlaw 20170.5kmsite_ao
Gog and Magog 20170.1kmsite_ao
Total House 0.5kmsite_brutalism
Plumbers and Gasfitters Union Building 0.8kmsite_brutalism
Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens 20041kmsite_whs

About the source: Wikipedia

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