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Place Medellín

Medellín , officially the Municipality of Medellín , is the second-largest city in Colombia, after Bogotá, and the capital of the department of Antioquia. It is located in the Aburrá Valley, a central region of the Andes Mountains in South America. According to the National Administrative Department of Statistics, the city had an estimated population of 2,508,452 according to the 2018 census. With its surrounding area that includes nine other cities, the metropolitan area of Medellín is the second-largest urban agglomeration in Colombia in terms of population and economy, with more than 3.7 million people.
In 1616 the Spaniard Francisco Herrera Campuzano erected a small indigenous village known as “Saint Lawrence of Aburrá” , located in the present-day El Poblado commune. On 2 November 1675, the queen consort Mariana of Austria founded the “Town of Our Lady of Candelaria of Medellín” in the Aná region, which today corresponds to the center of the city and first describes the region as “Medellín”. In 1826, the city was named the capital of the Department of Antioquia by the National Congress of the nascent Republic of Gran Colombia, comprised by present-day Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama. After Colombia won its independence from Spain, Medellín became the capital of the Federal State of Antioquia until 1888, with the proclamation of the Colombian Constitution of 1886. During the 19th century, Medellín was a dynamic commercial center, first exporting gold, then producing and exporting coffee.
Towards the end of the 20th century, into the beginning of the 21st the city regained industrial dynamism, with the construction of the Medellín Metro commuter rail, liberalized development policies, improved security and improved education.

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Atlas Obscura 2019
6.22km
Comuna 13

Discover Comuna 13 in Medellín, Colombia: Outdoor escalators and art have helped change what was once a notoriously dangerous part of Medellín.

Atlas Obscura 2018
11.5km
Pablo Escobar’s Grave

Discover Pablo Escobar's Grave in Itagüi, Colombia: The (usually) serene burial place of the world's most notorious drug lord.

Atlas Obscura 2019
1.3km
This City Park Wants You to Go Barefoot

Medellín's Parque de los Pies Descalzos encourages visitors to kick off their shoes and connect with the environment.

Atlas Obscura 2018
0.57km
Plaza Botero

Discover Plaza Botero in Medellín, Colombia: Home to 23 voluptuous and instantly lovable sculptures by one of Latin America's most celebrated artists.

Atlas Obscura 2018
0.94km
La Alpujarra Administrative Center

Discover La Alpujarra Administrative Center in Medellín, Colombia: In the heart of Medellín, an artsy urban complex sets the stage for demonstrations and protests.

Atlas Obscura 2019
4.23km
Casa Museo Pablo Escobar

Discover Casa Museo Pablo Escobar in Medellín, Colombia: This unofficial museum details the rise and fall of Colombia's most notorious narcotrafficker, Pablo Escobar.

Atlas Obscura 2019
0.74km
An ‘Artificial Forest’ Glows in Medellín

Three hundred illuminated pillars tower within one of the city's parks.

Atlas Obscura 2018
9.59km
The House of Stones

Discover La Casa de las Piedritas in Envigado, Colombia: This exceptional home was a 32-year labor of love by a man determined to build his wife the most beautiful stone house in the world.

Atlas Obscura 2018
1.03km
House of Memory Museum

Discover Museo Casa de la Memoria (House of Memory Museum) in Medellín, Colombia: A museum of memories in what was once one of the most violent cities in the world.

Atlas Obscura 2018
0.35km
The Birds of Peace

Two identical statues in Colombia, one blown to pieces in a terrorist bombing, the other donated as a gift for peace.

Atlas Obscura 2018
5.9km
The Gondolas of Medellín

Discover The Gondolas of Medellín in Medellín, Colombia: An unusual and beautiful form of mass transit serves the city's steepest neighborhoods.

Atlas Obscura 2018
6.12km
Virgen Rosa Mystica (Virgin of the Mystic Rose)

Discover Virgen Rosa Mystica (Virgin of the Mystic Rose) in Medellín, Colombia: The religious shrine that Pablo Escobar's men would allegedly visit before completing a mission.

Atlas Obscura 2019
7.9km
Parque Arvi

Discover Parque Arvi in Medellín, Colombia: Located outside Medellín, this Colombian park focuses on conservation and sustainability.

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