Katowice (UK: KAT-ə-VEET-sə, US: KAHT-, Polish: [katɔˈvitsɛ] ; Silesian: Katowicy; German: Kattowitz) is a city in southern Poland, the capital city of the Silesian Region, and a center of the Upper Silesia and Dąbrowa Basin Metropolis. With a population of 292,774 as of 2019, it is the eleventh-largest city in Poland. The wider Katowice urban area has a population of 2–3 million people.
Throughout the mid-18th century, Katowice developed into a village following the discovery of rich coal reserves in the area. In 1742 the First Silesian War transferred Upper Silesia, including Katowice, to Prussia. Many German or Prussian craftsmen, merchants and artists began to settle in the region, which had been inhabited mostly by Poles over the past hundreds of years. Silesia also experienced an influx of Jewish settlers. In the first half of the 19th century, intensive industrialization transformed local mills and farms into industrial steelworks, mines, foundries and artisan workshops. This transformation also contributed to the establishment of companies and eventual rapid growth of the city. At the same time, Katowice became linked to the railway system with the first train arriving at the main station in 1847.The outbreak of World War I was favourable for Katowice due to the prospering steel industry.
|Poland’s Unusual Desert||2019||37km||site_ao|
|Poland’s Iconic ‘Saucer’||2018||0.2km||site_ao|
|Former Silesian Science Institute||1.5km||site_brutalism|
|Tarnowskie Góry Lead-Silver-Zinc Mine and its Underground Water Management System||2017||23.3km||site_whs|
| Auschwitz Birkenau |
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
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