Katowice (UK: KAT-ə-VEET-sə, US: KAHT-, Polish: [katɔˈvitsɛ] ; German: Kattowitz) is an industrial city situated in the Silesian Region of southern Poland, and the central city of the Upper Silesian metropolitan area. Established in 1865, it is the 11th-most populous city in Poland, while its urban area is the most populous in the country and 21st-most populous in the EU.
As of December 31, 2019 estimate, Katowice has a population of 292,774. Katowice is a member of the Metropolitan Association of Upper Silesia and Dąbrowa Basin, with a population of 2.3 million, and a part of a larger Upper Silesian metropolitan area that extends into the Czech Republic and has a population of 5-5.3 million people. Katowice is a center of commerce, business, transportation, and culture in southern Poland, with numerous public companies headquartered in the city or in its suburbs, important cultural institutions such as Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, award-winning music festivals such as Off Festival and Tauron New Music, and transportation infrastructure such as Katowice Airport. It also hosts the finals of Intel Extreme Masters, an Esports video game tournament. In 2015, Katowice joined the UNESCO Creative Cities Network and was named a UNESCO City of Music. Katowice is also home to a few major universities, with approximately 80,000 students attending.
Throughout the mid-18th century, Katowice developed into a village following the discovery of rich coal reserves in the area. In 1742 the First Silesian War transferred Upper Silesia, including Katowice, to Prussia. In the first half of the 19th century, intensive industrialization transformed local mills and farms into industrial steelworks, mines, foundries and artisan workshops.
|Poland’s Unusual Desert||2019||37km||site_ao|
|Poland’s Iconic ‘Saucer’||2018||0.2km||site_ao|
|Former Silesian Science Institute||1.5km||site_brutalism|
|Tarnowskie Góry Lead-Silver-Zinc Mine and its Underground Water Management System||2017||23.3km||site_whs|
| Auschwitz Birkenau |
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
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