Gurgaon, officially Gurugram, is a city located in the northern Indian state of Haryana. It is situated near the Delhi-Haryana border, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southwest of the national capital New Delhi and 268 km (167 mi) south of Chandigarh, the state capital. It is one of the major satellite cities of Delhi and is part of the National Capital Region of India. As of 2011, Gurgaon had a population of 1,153,000.Gurugram is India's second largest information technology hub and third largest financial and banking hub. Gurugram is also home to India's largest medical tourism industry. Despite being India's 56th largest city in terms of population, Gurugram is the 8th largest city in the country in terms of total wealth. Gurugram serves as the headquarters of many of India's largest companies, is home to thousands of startup companies and has local offices for more than 250 Fortune 500 companies. It accounts for almost 70% of the total annual economic investments in Haryana state, which has helped it become a leading hub for high-tech industry in northern India. Gurugram is categorised as very high on the Human Development Index, with an HDI of 0.889 (2017).Gurugram's economic growth started in the 1970s when Maruti Suzuki India Limited established a manufacturing plant and gathered pace after General Electric established its business outsourcing operations in the city in collaboration with real-estate firm DLF. New Gurgaon, Manesar and Sohna serve as adjoining manufacturing and upcoming real estate hubs for Gurugram. Despite rapid economic and population growth,Gurugram continues to battle socio-economic issues, such as high-income inequality and high air pollution.
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