We just completely updated our website. Let us know if you are encountering any issues.

El Escorial

El Escorial, or the Royal Site of San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Spanish: Monasterio y Sitio de El Escorial en Madrid), or Monasterio del Escorial (Spanish pronunciation: [el eskoˈɾjal]), is a historical residence of the King of Spain located in the town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, 2.06 km (1.28 mi) up the valley (4.1 km [2.5 mi] road distance) from the town of El Escorial and about 45 kilometres (28 miles) northwest of the Spanish capital Madrid. Built between 1563 and 1584 by order of King Philip II (who reigned 1556–1598), El Escorial is the largest Renaissance building in the world. It is one of the Spanish royal sites and functions as a monastery, basilica, royal palace, pantheon, library, museum, university, school, and hospital.
El Escorial consists of two architectural complexes of great historical and cultural significance: the royal monastery itself and La Granjilla de La Fresneda, a royal hunting lodge and monastic retreat about 5 kilometres away. These sites have a dual nature: during the 16th and 17th centuries, they were places in which the power of the Spanish monarchy and the ecclesiastical predominance of the Roman Catholic religion in Spain found a common architectural manifestation. El Escorial was both a Spanish royal palace and a monastery, although Philip II is the only monarch who ever lived in the main building. Established with a community of Hieronymite monks, it has become a monastery of the Order of Saint Augustine. It was also a boarding school: the Real Colegio de Alfonso XII.Philip II engaged the Spanish architect Juan Bautista de Toledo to be his collaborator in the building of the complex at El Escorial. Toledo had spent the greater part of his career in Rome, where he had worked on St. Peter's Basilica, and in Naples serving the king's viceroy, whose recommendation brought him to the king's attention.



World Heritage Sites Brutalisms Atlas Obscuras Audio Guides News
Salt Street Watchmaker 202040.2kmsite_ao
Love Art? Welcome to Madrid! en 41.3kmsite_izi
Lose yourself in the Madrid of the Austrians en 40.3kmsite_izi
Historic Madrid – Where Heaven Kisses Earth en 40.3kmsite_izi
Discover Madrid’s Other Museums – from Ancient Fossils to Decorative Arts to Ghost Trains en 40.2kmsite_izi
Urbirun Madrid – Highlights en fr 40.4kmsite_izi
Madrid city tour de en fr it 39.4kmsite_izi
Sirenas de Segovia 202040.7kmsite_ao
The Well of the Miracle 202040kmsite_ao
Paco de Lucía Metro Station 202036.5kmsite_ao
Silla de Felipe II (Phillip II’s Chair) 20202.7kmsite_ao
Cementerio del Cristo (Cemetery of Christ) 201918.6kmsite_ao
Altamira Cave Replica 201941.1kmsite_ao
Relics of St. Valentine at Iglesia de San Antón 201940.3kmsite_ao
Caja de las Letras 201940.8kmsite_ao
Edificio Mirador 201941.3kmsite_ao
The Selfie Devil 201940.6kmsite_ao
Civil War Bunkers of Alto del León 201914.1kmsite_ao
Carpetana Metro Station Museum 201938.9kmsite_ao
Móstoles Planets Garden 201935.2kmsite_ao
Convent of the Holy Spirit Crypts 201940.9kmsite_ao
Costitx Bulls 201941kmsite_ao
Tío Pepe Sign 201940.3kmsite_ao
Parque del Oeste Pillboxes 201937.6kmsite_ao
Spain’s First 3D-Printed Pedestrian Bridge 201940.5kmsite_ao
Peñalara National Park 201930.3kmsite_ao
The Lady of Cerro de los Santos 201941kmsite_ao
Museo de América 201937.9kmsite_ao
Royal Library of San Lorenzo de El Escorial 20191.9kmsite_ao
The Bear and the Strawberry Tree 201940.4kmsite_ao
Madrid’s Walk of Fame 201839.1kmsite_ao
San Antonio de los Alemanes 201840kmsite_ao
Manzanares el Real Castle 201827.6kmsite_ao
The Ibex of La Pedriza 201830.2kmsite_ao
Museo Lazaro Galdiano 201840.7kmsite_ao
The Lady of Elche 201841kmsite_ao
Spain’s Good Luck Frog 201840.9kmsite_ao
‘Witches’ Sabbath (The Great He-Goat)’ 201841.3kmsite_ao
Allegory of ‘The Tree of Life’ 201840.8kmsite_ao
An Archaeological Museum Inside a Madrid Subway Station 201839.8kmsite_ao
The Royal Quartet at the Palace of Madrid 201739.8kmsite_ao
The Tower of the Bones 201739.7kmsite_ao
A Morbid Forensics Museum Hidden in Madrid 201837.5kmsite_ao
Guanche Mummy of Madrid 201741kmsite_ao
Air Crash Angel 201739.9kmsite_ao
Caja Madrid Obelisk 201739.2kmsite_ao
Javier Puerta Museum of Anatomy 201637.4kmsite_ao
Muslim Walls of Madrid 201839.6kmsite_ao
Madrid’s Museum for the Blind 201738.8kmsite_ao
Biblioteca Humanidades, Autonomous University of Madrid 36.4kmsite_brutalism
Viviendas Militares San Bernardo 197339.4kmsite_brutalism
Torre del Complejo Cuzco 39.6kmsite_brutalism
Facultad de Ciencias de la Información, Universidad Complutense de Madrid 37kmsite_brutalism
Nuestra Señora de la Luz 41.2kmsite_brutalism
Apartment Building Calle Monte Esquinza 41 40.5kmsite_brutalism
Casa Carvajal 33.5kmsite_brutalism
Edificio Pirámide 40.6kmsite_brutalism
Facultad de Biológicas y Geológicas, Complutense University of Madrid 196437.1kmsite_brutalism
Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de España 196536.7kmsite_brutalism
Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid 19840.2kmsite_whs
Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct 198540.6kmsite_whs

About the source: Wikipedia

Wikipedia is a multilingual online encyclopedia created and maintained as an open collaboration project by a community of volunteer editors, using a wiki-based editing system. It is the largest and most popular general reference work on the World Wide Web, and is one of the 20 most popular websites ranked by Alexa, as of March 2020. It features exclusively free content and no commercial ads, and is owned and supported by the Wikimedia Foundation, a non-profit organization funded primarily through donations.